July 2022 Newsletter

President: Carol Nicholls

Members of Committee

David Baker (Chair), Mary Pillon (Treasurer), Helena Kent (Secretary)

Patsy Cooke, Hollee Cooper, Fay Grist (Competitions), Jenny Jones (Raffle), Jo Nowak,

Rachel Salisbury (Programme)



It’s show time!

Malvern Vale

Saturday, 20th August

10.30am – 4.30pm


Staging 10.30am – 12 noon

Judging 12noon – 1.30pm

Viewing 1.30pm – 3.00pm


Plant sales


1.30pm -3.00pm

Presentation of Awards 3.00pm

Dismantle and clear room 3.15pm – 4.00pm

July Meeting

July meeting: Wednesday, 27th July

Visit to 2 members’ gardens in Leigh SintonGardens will be open between 6.30pm and 9pm.

Full details in newsletter emailed to members

Royal Three Counties Show June 2022

To my knowledge, three of our members entered the flower show at the Royal Three Counties show this year, namely Rachel Salisbury, Trish Robinson and myself, Helena Kent and successfully came away with first, second and third prizes in various classes.  As it was my first time exhibiting, I was extremely pleased with the outcome and I would recommend all of our members to take part in showing.  You won’t win big money but you will feel a great sense of achievement, just by entering!  Have a go at our own show in August, where there is no money involved but there will be prizes!

Madresfield Court visit  

Report by David Baker

Just over thirty members enjoyed a private tour of the gardens at Madresfield Court, led by David Butt the Head Gardener. David started the tour at the front of the Court and gave a brief history of the house and its owners. The Lygon /  Beauchamp family have owned the Court for hundreds of years. The house is said to be the oldest in continuous ownership by one family, and the inspiration for Evelyn Waugh’s Brideshead Revisited – he was a friend of the family and regularly visited the house.

David then showed us the tulip trees and the ginkgo trees before we moved into the formal gardens beside the moat. The statue of Mercury which has for many years been banished away from the house has recently been renovated and returned to its original location. It was apparently too risqué for Edwardian ladies. A new fountain is planned which should be spectacular. From this point we could see the cattle grazing on the estate, Gloucester Drive which has hosted motor rallies for many years and the several kilometres of newly planted wildflower strips.

We passed through formal gardens and Caesars Lawn (named after the busts of Roman Emperors), to see the first of the wildflower meadows. David is clearly very keen on improving the biodiversity of the estate and the meadows have a very impressive range of flowers and orchids. We then passed hidden, sunken roads which allow estate workers to reach the gardens unseen from the house.

We then ended our tour back at the Court and moat. Everyone had really enjoyed the two hour tour and David was given a round of applause. He achieves all this work with four staff, most of whom are currently ill so he is almost managing the work almost single handed. We made a donation to Perennial at his suggestion as they are supporting one of his team.

Spring 2022

Members of Committee

David Baker (Chair), Mary Pillon (Treasurer), Helena Kent (Secretary)

Patsy Cooke, Hollee Cooper, Fay Grist (Competitions), Jenny Jones (Raffle), Jo Nowak,

Rachel Salisbury (Programme)




‘Je dois avoir des fleurs toujours et toujours’.  (I must have flowers, always and always!’)  Claude Monet.

It is appropriate that flowers are the theme of this quarterly newsletter, for Spring blossoms are now everywhere to be seen, as trees, shrubs, flowering bulbs and herbaceous plants are showing off their glorious colours.  Predominantly yellows of primroses, daffodils and forsythia and dare I say – dandelions, blues of anemones, grape hyacinth, vincas and pinks of magnolias and cherry with the bright greens of new growth.  Bright colours to cheer our spirits after dull winter days with the promise of more riches to come!  It’s a busy time for the gardener!

Flowering plants have always had great importance in human lives.  We have depended on many for our food as well as livelihoods and some for our physical well-being and mental health.  We have also come to love them for their beauty in colour, scent and form.

Significant events in our lives are marked with buttonholes, bouquets, bunches, posies, wreaths and even a single rose.  Celebrations, special occasions, milestones in our lives from birth to death feature flowers in some form or other.

Most countries have a national flower.  Flowers have also become symbols of hopes and dreams, resistance and resilience.  Nowhere more so than, at the moment, in the Ukraine. The sunflower has for centuries been important as a crop and source of food and income on the central and eastern Steppes.  It is the unofficial national flower of Ukraine, seen as a symbol of unity and loyalty. Today the sunflower represents solidarity and resistance to the Russian invasion and the hope of peace.  Helena Kent

My favourite flowers. David Baker

My favourite flowers are those that have really significant memories. When Elaine and I were married in 1987 my parents held a garden party for friends and family in Hampshire who thought that travelling to our wedding in Burnley was tantamount to travelling to Timbuktu. One of the guests gave us a Deutzia, which she chose because it would flower on our wedding anniversary in early May. It has never let her down – some years only one or two flowers have opened. Sometimes it is in full bloom and in other years only the last flowers are open. It has come with us as we moved house and I hope it will bloom for many years to come.

My favourite flower.  Jenny Jones

I don’t have a favourite flower, then Snowdrops appear like magic, whatever the weather.  There they are, nodding their beautiful heads in the breeze, wind or even storm. 

Snowdrops are definitely my favourite flower.

Till the primroses peep out of grassy banks, such a lovely colour for a dark and dismal time of year.  These are my favourite flower.

Weeks later Bluebells cover the hills and woodland floor.  What better sight is there than sunshine on that carpet of blue?

Bluebells are my favourite flower.

Wild Orchids, which seem abundant locally, appear like magic in the grassy meadows.  With so many different varieties, how could any other flower be my favourite?

On the other hand, isn’t it just the best thing ever to sit in the garden in the sunshine with a cuppa next to the sheer beauty and perfume of Gertrude.  That’s Gertrude Jekyll of course!

Roses are definitely my favourite flower.

Then my Agapanthus dramatically start to throw up their stems.  How many fabulous flowers, if any, will appear this year?

My truly favourite flower. I could go on but as you can see, I don’t have a favourite flower!


Location: St Matthias Church room, Church Road, Malvern Link , WR14 1LX

Time: 7.30pm until approx. 9.30pm.

Wednesday, 27th April.  The speaker will be Geoff Oke, ‘Fun with Fuchsias’. 

Free refreshments will be provided as usual and there will be a raffle and competition.  There are 2 categories for the competition      1.  3 tulips in a vase.  2.  A Spring blossom arrangement.

Entrants are allowed one entry per category.  There will be a table set up for the exhibits and entrants will be given a piece of paper, on which to write their full name, to put under their entry.  All members are given 2 tokens, one token per category, to vote for their favourite exhibits.  Prizes are awarded at end of year for members with most points.

The speaker for Wednesday, 25th May is Hugh Thomas on ‘the Role of a Head Gardener.’

Competitions.  1          Stems of a flowering shrub in a vase (single variety)

                        2          3 stalks of rhubarb

Wednesday, 22nd June.  Evening visit to Madresfield Court.7pm.

Future bookings        Sat 22nd October        Visit to Hergest Croft.  Details to follow

Recycling Corner

Rachel has 3 years’ worth of RHS The Garden mags to donate to good homes!  Anyone interested, please contact her at greentouchpaper@gmail.com

Allotment news.  Barry Kent

As I write this article the weather is glorious and the coming of Spring is making the preparing of seed beds an easy job!  I am going to fork over the soil and finish with a rake.  In the next 3 months most vegetable seeds can be sown.  Be careful with any seedlings grown indoors as we are still suffering from frosts and we have had frosts in early May.

Plants will need regularly watering if we get any lengthy periods of dry weather.

Hopefully the blackberries and plums will start fruiting in June.

I will give the plot a good watering before we go on holiday and look for a friendly neighbour! 

Flower Arranging by Mary Pillon

Some years back when living in Droitwich, I took advantage of flower arranging classes. It was run by a wonderful, lively lady with the most amazing amount of funny experiences from family and business, I have ever heard. She would demonstrate whilst chatting away to us, effortlessly arranging greenery of various sorts into an oasis, then finally adding the flowers. The result was superb every time and our task was to copy what she had done for presentation the next week. Maureen only ever worked with “Oasis” foam as her displays for various exhibitions, shows, cathedrals, etc., needed this stability. Nowadays oasis is a “no-no” as it is completely non-biodegradable. However, if using it be sure to put dry oasis into large bowl of water and allow it to soak. Do not push the oasis into the water as this may leave a dry area in the centre. Collect greenery from your garden for your display, using variegated/green/yellow leaves as a selection or simply just one colour of greenery depending on your colour scheme of flowers. Trim the ends of all greenery so the stem is clean and will easily push into oasis. Cover the oasis – use perhaps variegated ivy, Choisya Sundance, Elaeagnus, Euonymus fortunei, Fatsia, Pittosporum – all good. Or laurel, bay or similar for larger display. With a few colourful pieces of greenery fewer flowers are needed for a lovely display to keep you happy. Again, when it comes to pushing flowers into oasis, take off pretty much all the leaves and make a clean cut at the end of the stalk. Your arranged greenery will last a lot longer than the greenery on your flowers. The same principles apply when using a vase rather than an oasis. However, if doing a tall/large display with tall greenery and flowers, it may be helpful to put some upright sticks into the vase to steady the arrangement. These could be on show if using “dogwood” during winter months when their bright red colour would look lovely. Alternatively, any twigs/sticks below the level of the vase could be used, so greenery and flowers would be held in place by them. Chicken wire, newspaper are also alternatives. Our lovely tutor Maureen showed us how to “turn” a tulip. She did this by holding the tulip flower in one hand whilst the other carefully pulled petal by petal back until outer petal tips nearly touched the stem thus revealing the stamen and the colouring on inside of the tulip. Do have a go if you fancy – I have tried many times but not always with success. When it does go right they look brilliant, almost lily like and it does not shorten the life of the flower. The oriental method of “ikebana” with its spiky base is an easy option and looks good too. Flower arranging is overall a personal thing and I know it always gives me pleasure to wander to the garden, select some greenery and flowers, take some time arranging them. This can be the simplest of arrangements or a more elaborate effort depending on availability of flowers. A pleasurable pastime

Books about Flowers.  Rachel Salisbury

When it comes to selecting books about flowers there is a plethora to choose from, ranging from monographs on individual genera to encyclopedic volumes covering a wide range of species.  The books I’ve chosen this month have one thing in common – they are all more than 25 years old!  However, they have all proved to be useful sources of information and I make no apology for selecting them. I have checked and all are still available, either as updated editions, reprints, or second hand.  Dates I’ve given are original publication dates

100 Flowers and How They Got Their Names            Diana Wells 1997

This is really a book of short stories, each about an individual flower. It highlights the many varied ways in which names are selected for flowers, including some scientific names and some vernacular.  Stories cover ways in which plants are used, how or where they were discovered and by whom. There are a lot of fascinating facts and each story is only a couple of pages long -perfect for bedtime reading!   I have one caveat, which is that the author had lived in USA for about 20 years before the book was written and some of the vernacular names don’t correspond with those we know in UK.

How Flowers Work: A Guide to Plant Biology           Bob Gibbons 1984

Revised and renamed in1990 – The Secret Life of Flowers: A Guide to Plant Biology

A good basic guide to plant biology written in an easily accessible style.  It covers all the aspects of plant biology that you are likely to need to know as a gardener, without going into deep scientific explanations. The author has written several, equally accessible books about flowers, particularly wild flowers, as well as several on insects and wildlife gardening.

The English Flower Garden                                       William Robinson 1883

If I’d been limited to choosing only one book, this would have been it.  It is an absolute classic in horticultural literature and one which has seen numerous reprints before the current trend of online publication.  William Robinson, often known as the father of English gardening really spearheaded the move to more naturalistic gardening, turning away from the previously popular formal layouts and bedding schemes.  This trend is reflected in this book with his recommendations for selecting suitable flowering plants and incorporating them into more informal designs than had previously been the fashion.

I was lucky enough to be given an early copy of this book by a student. It is a much treasured feature of my library.

Floriography or the Language of Flowers.  Helena Kent

This postcard, dated about 1910, depicts a variety of flowers and their meanings or what they symbolize or represent. 

Floriography or the language of flowers has been around for thousands of years, where flowers have been associated with feelings and sentiments, even found in the Bible and Shakespeare.

In Victorian times, floriography had a surge of importance and gifts of flowers were sent with coded messages for the recipients.  ‘Tussie-mussies’ or nosegays were worn as fashion accessories.  A suitor presented the tussie-mussie to his sweetheart and if she wore it at heart level, it sent out the signal that she would accept him.  Very romantic!

Nearly every flower had more than one meaning, listed in many floral dictionaries of the time.  However, a general agreement on the most popular meaning emerged.  The red rose stands for romantic love, the pink rose – sincere love, the yellow rose for friendship and the white rose – chastity.  Bindweed for tender love!

Perhaps I should look at bindweed differently now.  It certainly seems to have a deep rooted and long-lasting affection for me and my garden! 

‘Roses are red,

Violets are blue

And bindweed symbolizes

my tender love for you.’

The Rose.  Helena Kent

The Rose has to be the number one favourite flower in Great Britain.  It is the national flower of England, adopted by Henry Tudor.  The rose is certainly my favourite flower!  What’s not to love?  It has perfume, colour, shape and form.  Beauty!  It may also have thorns, mildew, black spot, aphids and loves to live on a dung heap!  But hey, no one is perfect!

Link Nurseries

At Link Nurseries we have been really pleased with how we have been able to expand our activities over the last few months. We hope that this will continue but with the current uncertainty about what the guidance will be about meeting up in the New Year, we are having to keep our fingers crossed that everything will be able to continue.

Well Bean Gardening Club is at full capacity on Fridays, healthy numbers on Tuesdays and the new, Wednesday sessions are slowly filling up. We are welcoming new members to this session for the opportunity to grow their own vegetables and plants, learn the complete process of plant growing, from sowing seeds to harvesting crops, and the chance to contribute to the commercial activities of the Nursery.

Craft and Art Groups

The craft group is now moving towards a dozen members and judging by the laughter coming from the room they are thoroughly enjoying the weekly meetings. Each person works on their own project with Hermine, one of the founder members, just providing support and encouragement for whatever project members are working on. On Wednesdays, 10 am to 3pm.

The Art Group meets on Tuesdays, 2.00 to 4.00pm. for people who like to draw or paint, whatever their age or ability.  You will find help and encouragement but there is no formal teaching. All the materials are supplied, including paper, pencils and paints. One bonus is being able to borrow plants from the Nursery to draw or paint. The cost is £5, including a cup of tea. A good way to relax and unwind and develop your artistic skills!

Wildlife Project

In partnership with New Opportunities Worcestershire, we are launching an exciting new venture.  On Wednesdays from 2nd February until 23rd March, working from 10.00am until 12 noon there will be a new group. If you know of anyone who would like to make use of this provision, please use the contacts below and we are looking forward to welcoming this new group into the Link.

Working in a small group, and sharing the tasks with Link Nurseries’ own groups, you will have the opportunity to help design and develop a new Nature/Wildlife area at Link Nurseries, Hamilton Close, (off Hospital Lane), Powick WR2 4NH

Learn how to create a garden for wildlife and how to attract birds, bees, insects, butterflies and small animals into the garden. You will also learn how to respect the environment as you design and learn new wildlife gardening ideas to use in your own garden too.

The therapeutic benefits of horticulture are well documented and gardening, including in a group, has long been used as a healing medium for a range of mental health issues.

This project is suitable for people of all levels of ability and everyone can make a contribution. Horticulture improves your confidence and social skills, whilst increasing your physical and mental well-being by being outdoors. You can then use what you learn, either in your own garden or use the skills as a starting point for any future prospect, including attending the Well Bean Gardening Club at Link Nurseries.

For further details please call – 01527 488715 or email whcnhs.now@nhs.net 

We are open Tuesday to Saturday 10.00 – 4.00 pm

Please come and buy from our community shop and plants as all of our sales support our Well-Being activities.

Contact us on: linknurseries@warwickshire.ac.uk or 01905 831881

Malvern Hills Gardening Club support the work of Link Nurseries.  Fay is a regular volunteer and has a variety of roles.  I joined the art group as someone who hasn’t painted since school and found it a most relaxing and enjoyable experience with no pressure!  Helena

January 2022

Welcome to the New Year 2022 !

Members of Committee

David Baker (Chair), Mary Pillon (Treasurer), Helena Kent (Secretary)

Patsy Cooke, Hollee Cooper, Fay Grist (Competitions), Jenny Jones (Raffle), Jo Nowak,

Rachel Salisbury (Programme)



January to March

January brings the snow, makes our feet and fingers glow.

February brings the rain, thaws the frozen lake again.

March brings breezes loud and shrill, stirs the dancing daffodil.

Words from the poem ‘The Months’ by Sara Coleridge (1802-1852)

I am sure we can all remember sayings or songs about the months and typical weather we could have expected years ago.  However, they are not necessarily true anymore, with our changing climate pattern.  Perhaps we should make up some new ones of our own?

Traditionally, January, the first month of the year in the Gregorian calendar is a time to start afresh, hence our new year resolutions, which may not last as long as January itself!.  Janus in Roman mythology was the god of door and gate ways and transitions, represented by the double-faced head and came to represent rites of passage and new beginnings.  However, in the earliest Roman calendar, March was the first month of the calendar year.  It brought in the first day of Spring with the vernal equinox and the start of new life.  Most countries now have adopted the Gregorian calendar but a very few countries, such as Poland, still use their old farmers’ almanac, which described events in the horticultural year.  For instance, July (lipiec in Polish) is named after the linden tree (lipa) which flowers in this month and August (sierpien) is named after the sickle (sierp), used at harvest time.  Times have changed but some things remain the same!

Some New Year resolutions for the garden from members!

Mine is to go greener! Although I love my containers and often resort to them, when I have bought too many plants and can’t find a space in the garden, I have resolved to have fewer this year.  Saving water, money and my back too is a win, win!  Helena Kent

Mine is to get out into the greenhouse and give it a darned good clean as soon as I can…LOL. Should have been done ages ago.  Apart from that I have resolved to finally get enough sons here in the Spring to help erect a pergola.  I promised myself this PC (pre Covid).  We can all dream!  Patsy Cooke

My pergola is falling down!  Hopefully I have someone earmarked to mend it.  Pond cleared in October and now ready for new pump and filter in Spring and some fish.  I have used a small legacy from my Dad to make some new memories with new furniture and extra trellis on the wall.  Hilary Thorogood

I plan to work on the moss in the lawn (or rather improve the ratio of grass to moss from the current 1 part grass: 5 parts moss), and we may need to replace a tree which has succumbed to honey fungus which is endemic in Leigh Sinton.  David Baker

Get new wheel for wheelbarrow and figure out how to get it on after taking old one off!  Remember to take time to sit and enjoy fruits of my labour!  Mary Pillon

Cut off all hellebore leaves and cover rhubarb.  Fay Grist

One – to give away and not hoard pots, canes, seeds etc instead of squirreling them away, just in case.  Two – to trim trees and shrubs before they are too big to manage.  Three – to try and garden little and often to save my poor old back.  Jenny Jones

To finish round the edges of new pond and get planting completed.  Raised beds in vegetable patch have been promised by two of my kids – hopefully ready for new growing season!  Some tree felling to be done – calling in professionals for that!  Two more areas to clear and replant and I resolve to spend more time sitting and admiring our efforts, glass (or maybe bottle) of wine in hand!  Rachel Salisbury

I have started studying towards the RHS diploma during the pandemic, so my first gardening New Year’s resolution is to actually sit and pass the exams in the upcoming year.  We moved to Malvern only this Autumn and I am currently creating our new little garden from scratch, so there’s the second New Year’s resolution – moving forward with the plan and finishing the job!  The third one is inviting some wildlife into our new garden – I will try to attract some insects and amphibians into my planned water features.  Jo Nowak 

Tidy up allotment and be more productive!  Also try companion planting!  Barry Kent

Chair’s Blog 

I hope you all had a Merry Christmas and Happy New Year, despite all of the uncertainty and indecision.

Last year I wrote about my plans to plant some dahlias after a visit to Biddulph Grange in Cheshire, which is famed for its dahlia walk. We decided on Sarah Raven’s Venetian Dahlia Collection which is shown here as cut flowers on her website.

The tubers arrived in late February and I followed the useful videos that Sarah provides on her website, using 3L pots (wide, not too deep). Most of the plants then emerged over the next few weeks except one (Jowey Moreno) which sadly did not grow. I moved them out to the greenhouse to develop in April and discovered that they were a slug magnet. One Dahlia (Ambition) was badly impacted but managed to survive.

I enlarged a border to accommodate the new dahlias, prepared the soil and hoped that we would have reasonable weather. All of the plants were then planted out once the frost risk had passed.

Most of the plants thrived and produced very good displays of colourful and beautiful flowers. Sadly Ambition failed to live up to its name and died despite love and attention! One of the dahlias (New Baby) also proved to be not the correct tuber – it is bright pink, and not suited to the deep colour palette. I had considered gifting it to Holly, committee member and proud new Mum, but as she has a beautiful baby boy, Oliver, that is probably not going to work!

We have ordered some replacement tubers for those that did not succeed and I have placed a deep mulch over the dahlias to hopefully see them through winter. I am keeping my fingers crossed that they will, and that the new tubers are all successful.

I hope your gardening plans went well in 2021, and that you have exciting gardening resolutions for 2022.

Happy gardening in 2022,



Location: St Matthias Church room, Church Road Malvern Link , WR14 1LX

Time: 7.30pm until approx. 9.30pm.

Our first meeting of 2022 will be on Wednesday, 26th January. 

Given the high numbers of Covid cases in the community at the moment, the Committee have reluctantly decided that it is not prudent to hold an in-person meeting this month as planned. Rachel is working hard to organise a Zoom talk instead, at the same time (7:30 on Wednesday 26th January) and we will confirm details as soon as possible.

The speaker for Wednesday, 23rd February has yet to be confirmed.

Competitions.  1          Vase of snowdrops

                        2          Planted container of flowering bulb/s

On Wednesday, 22nd March the speaker will be Josh Egan-Wyers, who unfortunately was unable to give his talk on ‘Shrubs for Winter Interest’ in November but will be giving a similar talk adapted to the season.  He will be bringing plants.

Competitions.  1          A posy of Spring flowers

                        2          A vase of 5 daffodils/narcissi

Future bookings        Weds 27th April          Geoff Oke on Fun with Fuchsias

                                    Weds 26th May          Hugh Thomas on Role of a Head Gardener

                                    Sat 22nd October        Visit to Hergest Croft.  Details to follow.

Recycling Corner

Rachel has 3 years’ worth of RHS The Garden mags to donate to good homes!  Anyone interested, please contact her at greentouchpaper@gmail.com

Winter Gardens.  Helena Kent

Winter gardens came into fashion in the 17th century and remained fashionable for about 200 years.  The European nobility started the trend by building large conservatories to house tropical and subtropical plants.  Many winter gardens were also built for the greater public. 

The first large public garden was built between 1842 and 1846 in Regent’s Park and used for evening events, large flower shows and social gatherings. 

In Malvern, Priory Park was previously known as the Winter Gardens.  Many of the trees in the park were planted about 150 years ago.  In 1885, the Assembly Rooms and Winter Gardens were opened to entertain the growing number of visitors to Malvern.  H.W. Lamb kept the Royal Library in Malvern in mid 19th century and published several prints showing the growing town.  (The print above shows part of Belle Vue Terrace and the Royal Library.)  The Assembly Rooms and Winter Gardens were completely refurbished in the 1920s and have undergone many changes since. They can still be seen in this old photo, date unknown. 

Nowadays it is considered that a winter garden needs to have certain elements to be worthy of the name.  These components consist of trees, shrubs or plants that make a statement, add drama or provide interest in the winter in the form of colour, scent, interesting bark, evergreen foliage or provide food for wildlife and winter bedding to cover bare soil.

A few suggestions for winter flowering shrubs would be winter flowering camellias, witch hazels and viburnums.  Some of these also have an extra bonus of providing a heavenly scent, including Viburnum bodnantense, Sarcococca/sweet or Christmas box and Daphne odora.  Evergreens providing colour with extra benefits for birds are holly and ivy, along with pyracantha and cotoneaster.  Grasses and seed heads also provide food.  Heathers bloom in winter in purple or white and provide nectar for foraging bumble bees, when food is short.  There are winter flowering climbers such as honeysuckles, clematis and winter jasmine.

When deciduous trees or shrubs are bare, their stems and bark can provide the drama.  Cornus with red or yellow stems is an example.  Silver birch lives up to its name and some acers and prunus have peeling bark, such as paperbark maple.  Crab apple fruit can add stunning colour as well as food for blackbirds, when the weather is harsh.

Hellebores have a great variety of hues.  Winter bedding or pots with pansies, cyclamens, snowdrops, crocus and iris have the power to liven up a dreary day.

So the winter garden is anything but boring!

Favourite Gardening Books 1.  Rachel Salisbury

This is the first of what could be a very long series, highlighting some of the books that I have enjoyed over the years.  They have been written over a period of just over 400 years, so there’s quite a bit to go on!

Until the late 16th century, gardening books were mostly herbals backed up to some extent by monastery documents giving instructions for how various plants should be grown.  The majority of these herbals were derived from one ancient Greek text, by Dioscorides.  Translated into Latin, it became the standard reference work throughout most of Europe. The problem was, of course, that very few people could read, and even fewer could read Latin.

So that’s a very brief summary of how we got to my starting point and here it is.

The Gardener’s Labyrinth by Thomas Hill

In 1558, Thomas Hill’s treatise ‘A most brief and pleasaunte treatise teachyng how to dresse, sow and set a garden’ had been published and reprinted and extended over the following few years.  Subsequent revisions took the book from its original 42 pages to 300.  One of many added sections was ‘The marvellous governmente, propertie and benefite of the bees with the rare secrets of the honny and waxe’.  Who would have guessed that this was written almost 500 years ago?  This was the first gardening book to be printed and published in English.

The Gardeners Labyrinth is actually Hill’s second book, but nowadays the much better known one.  It was published posthumously in 1577, a year or two after Hill’s death, with the final revisions being made by Henry Dethick.  For reasons that I don’t understand, it was published under the pseudonym, Didymus Mountain.

This book is a real treasure trove of information on Tudor gardens, containing 69 short chapters, covering aspects of garden layout, and a very wide range of gardening practices.  It is a fascinating mixture of sound, practical advice, descriptions of the latest garden gadgets and how to use them (eg the watering pot) and very dubious methods of deterring pests.  One bit of advice which is a comfort to me every year, is that tulips should not be planted until the New Year!  The second part of the book details the medicinal uses of 60 different plants.  When reading the book it is worth bearing in mind that Hill’s background was as an astronomer, and some of his suggested practices are influenced by this.  (Maybe he was a forerunner of biodynamic gardening?)

For me, the most valuable feature of the book is the wonderful woodcut illustrations, which are incredibly detailed and give a real insight into the gardens and gardening of the time.

Sadly, as far as I know, there is no online access to The Gardeners Labyrinth. If, like me, you prefer real books, there is 20th century facsimile edition.  Edited by Richard Mabey, and including some additional modern illustrations, it was published in 1998, and I suspect is now out of print.  However, it is readily available second hand and I thoroughly recommend it.

Winter on the allotment.  Barry Kent

December so far has been a mix of cold, cloudy days and several days of above average temperatures.  With climate change we seem to get fewer frosts.  As my no dig policy of last year was not a great success, I have decided to dig the plot over and add manure.  It would be good to get some frosts now to break up the soil! 

My parsnips are ready to dig up and it used to be said that frosts improved their flavour!  I have also left some beetroot in and will see if they survived.

All the fruit bushes have been pruned except for the one year old blueberry bushes.  The apple tree awaits pruning.  Some experts say prune now and others maintain the best time is when the buds start to appear.  The plum tree, I will prune in Summer as plum, cherry and apricot are susceptible to silver leaf disease, which infects wood through wounds in the Autumn and Winter.

A Quiz from Sue Woolley.  How many plants can you find?

Mother Nature opens her wardrobe…
As thyme moves on
What will it bring?
When winter time
gives way to Spring…
The gentle warming of the sun
A wondrous promise of things to come..
Fox’s gloves and grannies bonnet
adorned with Queen Anne’s lace upon it.
Lady’s mantle, lady’s smock
and ‘dandylions’ dressed by the clock..
Sweet Cicely, that well known tory
spruced up in all her morning glory,
hooped petticoats and string of beads,
lady’s slipper…all she needs!
As summer slips to Autumn chill
and winds whip up and brooks refill…
monkshood, skull cap, Jacob’s coat
and Turk’s cap lily get my vote!
Brass buttons on a cloth of gold,
umbrella rush when rain’s foretold..
Gardener’s garters, Dutchman’s breeches…
We’re truly blessed with Nature’s riches!

Link Nurseries

At Link Nurseries we have been really pleased with how we have been able to expand our activities over the last few months. We hope that this will continue but with the current uncertainty about what the guidance will be about meeting up in the New Year, we are having to keep our fingers crossed that everything will be able to continue.

Well Bean Gardening Club is at full capacity on Fridays, healthy numbers on Tuesdays and the new, Wednesday sessions are slowly filling up. We are welcoming new members to this session for the opportunity to grow their own vegetables and plants, learn the complete process of plant growing, from sowing seeds to harvesting crops, and the chance to contribute to the commercial activities of the Nursery.

Craft and Art Groups

The craft group is now moving towards a dozen members and judging by the laughter coming from the room they are thoroughly enjoying the weekly meetings. Each person works on their own project with Hermine, one of the founder members, just providing support and encouragement for whatever project members are working on. On Wednesdays, 10 am to 3pm.

The Art Group meets on Tuesdays, 2.00 to 4.00pm. for people who like to draw or paint, whatever their age or ability.  You will find help and encouragement but there is no formal teaching. All the materials are supplied, including paper, pencils and paints. One bonus is being able to borrow plants from the Nursery to draw or paint. The cost is £5, including a cup of tea. A good way to relax and unwind and develop your artistic skills!

Wildlife Project

In partnership with New Opportunities Worcestershire, we are launching an exciting new venture.  On Wednesdays from 2nd February until 23rd March, working from 10.00am until 12 noon there will be a new group. If you know of anyone who would like to make use of this provision, please use the contacts below and we are looking forward to welcoming this new group into the Link.

Working in a small group, and sharing the tasks with Link Nurseries’ own groups, you will have the opportunity to help design and develop a new Nature/Wildlife area at Link Nurseries, Hamilton Close, (off Hospital Lane), Powick WR2 4NH

Learn how to create a garden for wildlife and how to attract birds, bees, insects, butterflies and small animals into the garden. You will also learn how to respect the environment as you design and learn new wildlife gardening ideas to use in your own garden too.

The therapeutic benefits of horticulture are well documented and gardening, including in a group, has long been used as a healing medium for a range of mental health issues.

This project is suitable for people of all levels of ability and everyone can make a contribution. Horticulture improves your confidence and social skills, whilst increasing your physical and mental well-being by being outdoors. You can then use what you learn, either in your own garden or use the skills as a starting point for any future prospect, including attending the Well Bean Gardening Club at Link Nurseries.

For further details please call – 01527 488715 or email whcnhs.now@nhs.net 

We are open Tuesday to Saturday 10.00 – 4.00 pm

Please come and buy from our community shop and plants as all of our sales support our Well-Being activities.

Contact us on: linknurseries@warwickshire.ac.uk or 01905 831881

Malvern Hills Gardening Club support the work of Link Nurseries.  Fay is a regular volunteer and has a variety of roles.  I joined the art group as someone who hasn’t painted since school and found it a most relaxing and enjoyable experience with no pressure!  Helena

October 2021

Now Autumn is well and truly upon us, Michaelmas daisies, Rudbeckia and dahlias are flourishing in my garden.  Pyracantha berries and crab apples are not only providing colour now but also food for blackbirds later in the year, when food is scarce.  Added to that, to my delight, I have the Gertrude Jekyll rose blooming again as well as Penstemons, Lupins and a Delphinium!  Quite a few of the hardy perennials are still hanging on in there, too.  Long may it last!

We have a lot of cheerful news to report on this month, with getting back to normal meetings, the visit to Little Malvern Court and running a plant creche at RHS Malvern Autumn show.

Our next meeting, always the 4th Wednesday of the month, will be on Wednesday, 27th October at St Matthias Church room, Church Road, Malvern Link at 7.30pm until approx. 9.30pm.

The speaker will be Mary Stevenson talking about ‘Bulbs, Corms, Tubers and Rhizomes’.  A fitting subject for this time of year, as gardeners are already planning their spring borders!

Refreshments will be provided as usual and there will be a raffle and competitions.

There are 2 categories for the competition.  1. Autumn foliage – an arrangement in a vase.

2. A collection of squashes, gourds or pumpkins.

Entrants are allowed one entry per category.  There will be a table set up for the exhibits and entrants will be given a piece of paper, on which to write their full name, to put under their entry.  All members are given 2 tokens, one token per category, to vote for their favourite exhibit.

Helena Kent. Club Secretary

Malvern Autumn Show Plant Creche

The gardening club had a fun day out at the Autumn show on Saturday 25th September. Trish Robinson and a team of enthusiastic volunteers ran the creche in a new location at the showground. The tent was excellent – bigger, better equipped and right by the plant stands. After a slow start it proved to be very popular with visitors, who soon learned the major drawback of leaving plants in the creche: empty baskets allow more purchases.

During the show we collected for our nominated charity, Link Nurseries at Powick. We raised £190 which is fantastic. Many thanks to Trish for her hard work. If you are interested in helping out at the Spring show please let us know. For two hours volunteering members get a free ticket to the show and plenty of free time to enjoy the exhibits and speakers. The club also gets a donation from the show organisers, which is a big part of our annual revenue.
David Baker

Thank you to everyone who helped with creche at the show.  It all ran smoothly (apart from a few lost tickets) thanks to everyone working together.  I hope new members enjoyed the experience and thanks to experienced ones, who showed them the ropes.  Collection of £190 was delivered to Link Nurseries. 

We are usually asked to do 2 plant creches at Spring Show, 5-8 May, one on Thursday and one on Saturday.  So put the dates in your 2022 diary!  Patricia Robinson  

Little Malvern Court Visit

After many months of lockdown we were delighted to be able to return to face-to-face meetings on July 28th, with a visit to Little Malvern Court. About 30 people came, and for most of us this was the biggest group we had been in for almost 18 months! The weather during the day had been terrible (very heavy downpours, at frequent intervals), so we were very fortunate that it cleared to give us beautiful evening sunshine.

The visit started with a talk about the garden and its recreation by the current owners by the head gardener. This was a great introduction, and he stayed to answer any questions we had. The garden itself was well worth the visit, with several water lily ponds in what were medieval fish ponds, a stunning yew hedge and many specimen trees, a rose garden and a fernery around the chapel. Lots of photographs were taken and it was a great way to restart the “in-person” gardening club meetings.

Thanks to Rachel for organising this, and to Mary and Patsy who endured the process of changing the signatories on our club bank account through multiple hoops and challenges, culminating in a formal complaint and compensation which raised the funds for the visit. I hope they think it was worth it!

The Pleasure of seeing Animals and Birds in our GardensPatricia Robinson  

This Robin decided to nest in an old Tea chest where I keep my pots – it is on the ground so our dog soon discovered that something interesting was happening in the chest– I put a barrier against the opening but it was not strong enough so we erected a wire cage around the entrance. This meant the bird had to land on the wire before diving through the barrier into its nest but it did give a great photo opportunity. 

I presume the young fledged because the feeding went on for some time. Unfortunately, they did not use the Tea chest again this year.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is picture3.jpg

This Robin ( you can just see her in the photo!) found our Tea pot to make its nest, the clematis grew quickly so camouflaged the nest beautifully but we did see much coming & going .

A robin visits me on the allotment – he first came as a youngster before he got his red breast so I was not 100% sure it was a robin but he now apears nearly every time I am there which is lovely

I was really excited when, during lockdown, I saw this nuthatch investigating & cleaning out a hole in the beech tree in our front garden –I set up the camera but after 3 days the activity ceased – I think it was too accessible to the squirrels that dominate the area.

This is not in my garden but could not resist showing you this beautiful Kingfisher that visits the pond in Priory Park each winter.  It is quite a challenge spotting it.

I’m a spaniel puppy trying to help in the garden!  Jenny Jones

A temporary fence was erected around the precious flower border to keep me out.  As you can see, I managed to get behind the fortifications and now have to work out how to escape!

August 2021

Well, Spring flew by and we are now in mid Summer and I am trying to keep up with my small but demanding garden!  Colours are changing and in my front garden, pinks, pale mauves, greens, silvery grey and white are now dominant.  Flowers are setting seed and fruits are developing and Nature is on its relentless march towards Autumn.

Since our last Zoom  meeting, we have successfully managed our first group visit since March 2020.  We will have some photos of the trip to Little Malvern Court in the next edition.

For those of us who haven’t been able to get away this year to foreign climes, we have had the time to appreciate our own gardens more and some members have shared their photos with us.  Others have shared their experiences of visits to English gardens as well as local volunteer work.

We have some heartening news that we are able to run a plant crêche at the RHS Malvern Show in September, so we have details of that included.

We also have a new feature called ‘Ask Rachel’, where you can ask questions of our own expert, Rachel Salisbury.  Send them in by email and Rachel will answer them in October newsletter.  Also we are looking for articles and photos on gardening with your pet!  Send in attachment in email to Helena, (Subject: Newsletter) to malvernhillsgardeningclub@gmail.com

Helena Kent. Club Secretary

Save the date! Weds, 22 September 2021

Our first in-person meeting for 18 months at our new venue:

St Matthias Church Hall in Malvern Link.  Church Road, WR14 1LX

The speaker is Paul Green, ‘Choice Plants for late season – they think it’s all over, but it’s not yet!’  Paul will be bringing plenty of plants to sell!  

Tea, coffee and biscuits provided.  Car parking in road near Hall.  As limited, please try to car share.

Due to Covid concerns, we will have hand sanitiser at entrance.  Mask wearing is optional but please feel free to wear if you are comfortable with that. Seating will be at tables with spacing.  

Memories of the Med

You may not be able to get to the Med this year but you can bring the Med to your garden!

I am not saying that you need to redesign your whole garden to create the style of a formal Italian garden, renowned for its manicured hedges of box, clipped topiary and stately Italian cypress, nor am I saying that you should introduce statuary and water features reminiscent of the Alhambra!

I am only saying that you could introduce a few plants that grow well in a Mediterranean climate and will remind you of lazy summer days and evenings spent at that little café or quaint taverna with their colours and scents.  Although we do not live in that sort of climate, except for the occasional heatwave, these plants are adapted to dry summers and mild, wet winters, climatic conditions, which, with our weather, we can experience in one week!

Mediterranean herbs are obviously well known, such as rosemary, bay, sage, thyme, lavender, borage, marjoram and fennel.  Extra benefits of growing these being able to pick them straight from the garden to enhance your culinary delights!

Other benefits, apart from adding fragrance to your garden, include attracting bees and other pollinators.  Flowers of borage are loved by bees for their nectar and also look pretty in a Pimms cocktail!

Most herbs, especially ones with silvery grey leaves, will prosper in full sun and dry poor soil and are most beneficial at times when water is scarce. 

These plants are as much at home in your traditional English cottage garden as in a French kitchen garden, ‘le potager’, where herbs are grown along with vegetables, fruit and flowers, providing ingredients for ‘le potage’, a thick vegetable soup.

You need not be restricted to just herbs but roses are also favourites in French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese gardens.  Fragrant climbing or rambling roses can be trained over a pergola or up a wall along with jasmine or wisteria.  There are so many varieties to choose from!

Other plants, which I associate with holidays in the Med are blue agapanthus, pink hibiscus, orange bird of paradise, gazanias, pelargoniums, bottlebrushes, agaves, palms, cistus, citrus trees, olives and figs to name just a few!  Fingers crossed for next year!  Helena Kent.  Art by Mary Pillon.

What a whopper!  From Carole Newton

This stunning Acer is the envy of many of my friends, family and even people walking past on the pavement who stop to stare and will, if I am in the garden, comment on its incredible size and colour.  It has been a feature in our garden for about 25 years and it just keeps getting bigger.  It must have been one of the very first shrubs I planted that has turned into one of the prominent features in the garden.

I have trimmed it annually to stop it growing over the path but it still puts on an amazing amount of growth every year.

Our cat Skye and her predecessor Emma use it to sleep under when the weather is hot, so this year it hasn’t had a great deal of use (let’s hope it will be used later).  It is also their favourite pouncing spot, unsuspecting folks coming down the 2 steps suddenly have a fur ball flying out of nowhere onto their ankles.

The colour it takes on in Autumn is spectacular too and the fallen leaves look lovely on the path until I gather them all up for the compost bin. I am so glad I was tempted to buy it all those years ago as a very small but pretty shr

NGS Open day Sunday June 27th 2021.  MaggieJo St John

An overcast but dry day so we ventured deep into Herefordshire to the Welsh border for the first of 2 visits. Reminiscences for me of an even more overcast day, heavy with rain, when two of us toiled up and over from Hay on Wye to Pandy on the Offa’s Dyke path.

This first garden is in a stunning location looking out over that line of the Black Mountains.  The renovation of the old farm buildings has been sympathetically and beautifully carried out and the planting around them is effective.  The main garden was not, at this stage of its development, to our taste.  The tremendous views and landscape of the Black Mountains were not brought into the design, in fact an alley of hornbeam ran across, not to, it.  It describes itself as a ‘modern garden’ yet includes a formal parterre, the planting of which was very mixed, not helped by a higher proportion of weeds than normally seen on an NGS day.

The second visit to a property occupied by the same family for over a 1000 years was quite a contrast.  Walking through the 14th century archway to the front of the house there is a fine vista onto the well stocked deer park (protected by a haha disguised as a swathe of wildflower meadow).  The walled garden had been carefully redesigned for herbaceous plants, while the vegetable and fruit garden occupy a more open area outside it.  The toll the past 18 months has taken on many gardens and properties that rely on volunteers to maintain their level of care is evident here too, especially in the woodland area.

We’d return here to spend more time in the garden and grounds as well as visit the house and learn more of the history of the Scudamore family and the changing fortunes of the house and estate.  We’d also hope to buy more of the excellent herbaceous plants, grown from seed and sold at a very reasonable price.

1st        The garden of the wind at Middle Hunt House, Walterstone,HR2 0DY

2nd       Kentchurch Court, nr Pontrilas, HR2 0DB

A June Day in 2 Cotswold Gardens.  Jenny Jones

Our first stop was Hidcote gardens owned by the National Trust.  We arrived at opening time giving us a quiet hour before it got too busy.  The roses were wonderful as were most of the flowers.  Some specific garden rooms were gardened to perfection but it was such a shame to see bindweed etc choking many plants in other areas.  All very understandable though, due to lack of gardeners and many, many volunteers.  The poor vegetable garden was heartbreaking to see, virtually untouched with everything going to seed.  Still very much worth a visit of course with lots of good things to see.

Garden number 2 was a very different story….Kiftsgate Court Gardens

This is a family run garden perched on the edge of the Cotswold escarpment.  Absolutely magnificent.  Again the roses were fabulous, the famous Kiftsgate rose was in flower and truly enormous.

Volunteering for the Link.  Fay Grist

I first used Link nurseries when it was on the site next to the new Malvern hospital many years ago.  It sold good plants at reasonable prices.

With a change of leadership it moved to Powick and the NHS took over the lease.  Friends of the Link were formed and I joined as a volunteer.  We had coffee mornings, fundraising etc.  Warwickshire College Group and Bransford Trust took over the lease in 2016 and I returned as a volunteer as did a lot of the old crew, creating a great family atmosphere.

The Well Bean Gardening group and Flower and Plant group were started.  I joined the Well Beaners as well as being a volunteer.

Plant and vegetable growing continued and strawberries, tomatoes and runner beans did especially well.

Then came COVID.  We were closed for several months.  Then slowly reopened, initially for site maintenance and then for small groups.  Things have really taken off since then. We now have 3 Well Bean groups, Art group, School group, Craft group and have just started a Mini Allotment group and are awaiting more materials.  Volunteers are involved in seed planting, pricking out, weeding, watering, looking after plants and helping run the shop, which sells local fresh veg, milk, eggs, fruit juice and seeds as well as our plants and compost.  In Spring bedding plants and hanging baskets and in Winter Christmas wreaths.

I have had a great time at the Link.  I have made friends, learnt a lot and we all support each other.  I realized how much I missed it during the first lockdown and am delighted to be back again.  Long may it continue to grow.  To visit us we are open 10.30 am to 4pm, Tues to Fri Hamilton Close, off Hospital Lane, Powick, WR2 4NH

Allotment News.  Barry Kent

This July the allotment has experienced a heat wave, dry conditions and heavy rain!  These extremes of weather have caused brown rot on the plum tree with all fruit lost.  On the other hand my black and redcurrants, apples and cultivated blackberries have produced record amounts of fruit.  I have a small first year crop of blueberries which I’ve never grown before.  The bushes spread low to the ground and I may have to put straw around the base to protect the fruit.

My beetroot, Swiss chard, French beans and parsnips are all doing well.  I need to thinly sow carrots as the first crop was attacked, especially on the lower root.  The dry conditions have not helped.  I have been watering in the morning but not every day.  The end of the month has seen thunder storms.  I look forward to harvesting my main crop potatoes next month.

Ask Rachel

Q:  Can I take cuttings from my Clematis montana and if so how?

A:  I would normally do Clematis montana cuttings in May/June. Use the new growth and cut off and discard the very flimsy top section, if the base is woody cut off and discard this too.  Take cuttings from the remaining section immediately above a pair of leaves and then about 5cm below them.  Repeat as you work down the stem.

Insert cuttings in a tray or pot of 50/50 multi-purpose compost and horticultural grit.  Cover with a lid or insert in a polythene bag and keep in good light but out of direct sunlight.  They should root in about 4 wks.

I don’t use rooting hormone and definitely wouldn’t advise it for these as they are relatively small cuttings and rooting hormone inhibits shoot growth. You can try now but have better chance of success earlier in the year.

June 2021

Thank you to all our contributors to this newsletter and especially to Gerry davies from the u3a botany group!

A big thank you too to Elaine Baker who has been running the monthly competitions (along with a little help from David) from March 2020 to the present.  Patsy Cooke has now taken over the organizing and you can email your competition entries to Patsy at malvernhillsgardeningclub@gmail.com

Helena Kent. Club Secretary

Save the date! Weds, 23 June at 7.20pm

Our next MHGC Zoom meeting!

Details: Join meeting at 7.20pm for 7.30pm talk. Approx one hour long.

June’s meeting is Wildlife Gardening by Jo Worthy-Jones.

Jo will talk about gardening with wildlife in mind.  For more information, visit her website, www.haven4wildlife.com or Facebook page Haven4Wildlife.

Subscriptions 2021.

Subscriptions are now due for renewal for this year. We are maintaining the yearly subscription at £10. The cancellation of the Malvern shows has resulted in a substantial loss of income for the club, as we usually receive monies from holding the plant crêche. In order to remain sustainable as a club, we need to continue with the usual subscription fee this year. Please look in the newsletter for details of how to pay electronically – our preferred method.

If you wish to pay by cheque, please make payable to Malvern Hills Gardening Club and send to the club treasurer. Address is Mary Pillon, 12, Arosa Drive, Malvern, WR14 3JP.

WILDFLOWERS IN AND AROUND MALVERN by Gerry Davies Malvern U3A Botany Group

One of the great blessings of living where I do on the eastern edge of Malvern Link is that I have a surprising number of wildflower habitats within a short walk from home.  These range from urban pavements, roadside verges, arable fields and woodlands; some of which have nationally scarce wildflowers growing in them.  Going a little further afield there are the Commons and Hills.  Less well known are the Limestone woods and meadows to the west.

The landscape and soils of the Malvern area have their origins in the underlying geology and because the geology changes quite quickly going from the east to the west of the Hills we find a wide diversity of plant communities in a relatively small area.  This gives plenty of scope for discovering places of botanical interest.  Since moving to Malvern in 1977 I have explored many of these locations.

Not all the wildflowers to be found around Malvern are spectacular and eye catching, some are very small and require getting down on hands and knees with a hand lens to fully appreciate.  This is particularly true of the tiny annuals that grow on the free draining acid soils of the Malvern Hills Ridge.  The ridge running south from British Camp has a particularly high diversity of wildflowers; particularly on the more alkaline soils on Broad Down and Hangman’s Hill and around Clutter’s Cave.  This area is the only part of the county where the nationally scarce Spring Cinquefoil, Potentilla verna grows.  This year has seen a wonderful display of this cheerful little yellow flower.

What comes as a surprise to many local residents is that we have at least eleven species of native wild orchids flowering in our area.  This is a small part of the 50 or so orchid species found in the British Isles.

In a roughly chronological order of flowering the orchids found in the Malvern area are:

Green-winged Orchid, Orchis morio

Early Purple Orchid, Orchis mascula

Pyramidal Orchid, Anacamptis pyramidalis

Common Spotted Ochid, Dactylorhiza fuchsii

Heath Spotted Orchid, Dactylorhiza maculata

Southern Marsh Orchid, Dactylorhiza praetermissa

Greater Butterfly Orchid, Platanthera chlorantha

Twayblade Orchid, Listera ovata

Bee Orchid, Ophrys apifera

Broad-leaved Helleborine, Epipactis helleborine

Violet Helleborine, Epipactis purpurata

Malvern Common SSSI is probably the best know orchid location with good displays of Common Spotted and Southern Marsh Orchids in most years.  These closely related orchids freely hybridise leading to a confusing array of F1 and F2 hybrid forms where hybrids cross with each other and either of the parent plants.

The more showy Heath Spotted Orchid occurs on a wet area of Castlemorton Common and a meadow above Colwall.  The Helleborine Orchids are later flowering and inhabit woodlands.  The best site for Bee and Pyramidal Orchids is further afield near Forthampton; although a single Bee Orchid has flowered on a grass verge at Newland.  Pyramidal Orchids have also been recently found on a roadside verge near Clevelode.  Greater Butterfly Orchids grow in good numbers (up to 100) along with Twayblade Orchids in a limestone meadow in West Malvern.  Green-winged Orchids are best seen outside the Village Hall in Welland or the Crescent in Upper Welland.

A single flower from a Greater Butterfly Orchid. Colour variants of Green-winged Orchids

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is picture1.jpg

The solitary Bee Orchid that flowered by the Recycling Centre on the edge of Malvern Link

Our Cottage Garden – David Baker

For me the classic English Cottage garden is an image of tranquillity and calm, with borders filled with perennials spilling out onto paths and interesting nooks and crannies. Living so close to Hidcote and Kiftsgate gardens, we all have some good examples to give us inspiration.

Cottage gardens seem to have a sense of timelessness, with classic plants that are unchanged over many decades. Achieving this look, and sustaining it appears effortless. From my experience it is not, and requires quite a lot of work to keep things looking natural and under control.

When we moved into our house the back area of the garden was something of a blank canvas – a large area of lawn, and a patch where the last owner had probably grown vegetables.

It was reasonably sheltered and we wanted to create a cottage garden. In search of inspiration we found a useful book “Projects for Small Gardens” which gives step by step guides on how to create structures and planting. It can still be found on-line, but is now out of print.

This allowed us to create a plan for the area, which is not quite rectangular, but which has enough space for 8 beds and a central feature:

The most important step was to create the hard structures formed by paths, border edges and fences. This required a degree of digging out the paths, putting down weed suppressant and edging the borders. The following pictures show the stages of creation:

These structures have served us well and are still in place fifteen years later. The most successful edging used old floor tiles to create serrated edges, which have lasted well and look interesting. The curved edges using log roll are good, but this only lasts about 5 years before needing to be replaced. Using gravel boards was least successful – only about 2 years before they needed to be replaced. I now use recycled roof tiles as they look good, and should be indestructible.

Planting was initially using herbs and lavender and looked great, but I had dug in too much manure and everything bolted. Fortunately it takes very little time to dig out the beds and start again.

We replant every 3-5 years, maintaining the general scheme of perennials which attract bees and butterflies.

The cottage garden is currently in flower with forget-me-nots, which I now know are named because once they arrive uninvited they will never leave, dicentra and Solomon’s seal and some self seeded aquilegia. Alliums and chives are coming into flower, with the geums and salvias coming soon. Mid summer’s flower will come from achilleas, rudbeckia, veronica and nepeta, with red hot pokers. At the year’s end we have sedums. We have added two apple trees and raspberry canes to add year round interest, and a redcurrant and gooseberry bush are recent additions.

Overall the cottage garden is a great delight, with year-round colour and attractive to wildlife. But it needs constant attention – tranquillity comes at a price!


After reading the newsletter a couple of months back about Patsy’s deluxe garden shed cum summerhouse, I cast a jaded look at my own shed and resolved to do something about it.

I had inherited my shed with the house when I moved here 8 yrs ago and it was sagging then.

Sadly hadn’t improved with age like the rest of us.  It was leaning rather badly, its bottom wood panels and windows were quite rotten and the base was very uneven with slabs at every which way.  My daughter told me to get it emptied and she would “have it away” for me.  Alas by the time I had emptied it daughter was in the middle of lambing so was unable to take up her offer.  My son told me to take photos of it – the good, the bad, and the ugly and he would sell it on Facebook.  I immediately took up his offer and sent off photos.  I said I would be happy just for someone to come and collect as I would be embarrassed to take money for it.  After some 10 days…. Not a single bite.

My son assured me it would go but one morning the lump hammer just happened to be in my hand and I wondered how difficult it would be for me to “rip it apart” bit by bit.  So I set to with vim and vigour, knowing that afternoon I was due out for tea and a stroll with a friend.  How difficult could it be to drop a shed I thought?  After all, it’s fairly rotten.  With several mighty whacks I knocked out most of the uprights and realised that a couple of long shelves screwed to inside would have to come out as they seemed to be holding it together.   That brought me out in a sweat.  Wretched screws were put in at an angle (obviously not by the female species), and as a result was only able to get one shelf out.  Never mind I thought, won’t matter.  I yanked out planks of wood from outside of shed careless of nails/screws flying around, and put them away out of stumbling reach but called a halt on that when the remainder refused to give.  Ah, I thought, should have done roof first.  I fetched my 2 x step steps from kitchen and reached to examine roof.

With aid of screwdriver and much cussing I managed to extract a screw or two by which time the whole shed “slumped”.  I was then very hopeful of getting it sorted before tea.  On entering the shed at that point it was rather like walking on a ship in a turbulent sea as the floor panels moved up as I walked on them.  Bit risky I thought and backed out again.  Had to go in again armed with “gaffer tape” to put across windows to limit broken glass.  Was rather pleased with my forethought on that even if I did only do the inside.   The moment had come,  I had done all I could so with one arm on each side of shed door way I began swinging it from side to side.  And again, side to side.  After several swings I heard it creak and shortly after that on the next swing it broke in half and fell just where I had intended it to.   Mind you it was a very ungainly heap.  And it was time for tea so off I went.

That evening my son rang to report no enquiries re shed and to ensure that I was not thinking of trying to get it down myself.  Has he got a sixth sense or what….he lives near Inkberrow!  I assured him I wouldn’t do anything so foolish and I would wait.  Another call from son at 8am the next morning.  He had a sale for me!   I had to ‘fess up much to his horror.  It also made my work that day much harder knowing someone would have done all that work for me. 

The roof was extremely heavy so I ripped off the roof felt and then got a crow bar into the middle bit and giggled around until it separated.  Was then able to stack it and the remainder of shed neatly although the rotten floor was too heavy and stubborn for me to do anything with so left it. 

My total impatience meant I had to pay a local man £50 to take it away for me….but the good news is that same man came back and has made a very lovely patio area for me. I have a new fence panel already painted by me to match the rest of fencing – Forget me not Blue.   It is a sun trap and makes the garden look so much nicer without big brown leaning shed.  Daughter has donated an aged bench for aged Mum which will be fine for this year.    I am resolved to go this year without a shed at all, using garage for garden tools and a gravel area for storing various pots.

 And my son still speaks to me!  Mary Pillon

OYEZ! OYEZ! Garden visit in July!  

Can I hear distant cries of joy break out all over the Malvern Hills!  Rachel has booked a visit to Little Malvern Court with the Head Gardener at 6pm on Weds, 28 July.  Put the date in your diary and we will send out details nearer the time!

Thanks to Lucy Bannister

Some months back one of many plant lists arrived via the MHGC newsletter from Lucy, so after looking up what some of them were, off I went to do some purchases.  Among them was a Deutzia Yuki Cherry Blossom which was not a large plant at purchase and possibly not looking at its plant centre best but I took it home and planted it up.  In early spring it was covered in tight little buds which I was willing to open, in time for last month’s “Cherry blossom” competition.  Alas the little buds hung on but now just look at how beautiful it is!  I only wish I had bought another couple of these magnificent shrubs.

Many thanks to Lucy for all the offers we have been given and I hope others have had success as I have, not only with the Deutzia but many others that have given pleasure and beauty to my garden.

Mary Pillon

Allotment News.  Barry Kent

After a dry, cold and frosty April, May has been wet, cold and cloudy until the Bank Holiday weekend!  Dandelions have now given way to buttercups.  All the fruit bushes and trees are looking healthy.  I have recently sown main crop potatoes in wet soil but hopefully there is no danger of another frost!  In this last week I have sown French beans as well as successive sowings of beetroot, chard, parsnips and carrots.  Previous sowings are looking healthy.  Strawberry plants will need a layer of straw soon to protect the ripening fruit.  Future main jobs will be weeding and thinning out.

My Gardening Day

A poem contributed but not written by Carole Newton, who thought it might be quite an apt subject for the newsletter.  It certainly strikes a chord with me!  Collectively, I must have spent many hours looking for that elusive trowel with the brown handle, that I’d just put down somewhere, in between doing one job and another and those secateurs with the green handles that magically seem to disappear into thin air! 

Saguaro cactus


The Saguaro, Carnegiea gigantean, is the largest cactus in the United States. It appears in the background of countless western films, with its characteristic arms. Even 5 cowboys, standing on one another’s shoulders, would not reach to the top of the plant. The white flowers are now the state flower of Arizona. It is native to the Sonoran Desert in Arizona. It grows very slowly from seed and may only be ¼ inch tall after 2 years. Another reference says 1.5 inches tall after 10 years.

My seedlings

My granddaughter gave me a packet of seeds about 5 years ago, plus a kit for germinating them. This was a small pot and saucer, some vermiculite, and transparent box to put over them. The surprising thing, to me, was the instruction to keep the saucer permanently full of water. Anyway it worked, with near 100% germination. Now I had a small army of tiny seedlings. Once they had grown to a reasonable size I gave some away and sold a few for charity.

So, 1.5 inches tall after 10 years. My seedlings have now grown to over 3 times the height in only half the time (see picture below). It just shows the advantage of regular watering as opposed to exposure in a dry desert.

I am starting to realise that I do not have room in my house for several 30 ft tall cacti. So I am trying to give one away free to a good home (the 5 inch one in the picture). There is also a slightly shorter one available. Recently images or models of cacti have become very fashionable. A short walk along Church Street will demonstrate this. A plastic cactus has become a fashion statement. How much more effective is a real cactus, with spines, and an interesting story to tell.

Richard Winterton, May 2021.

If you would like a free Saguaro, email Helena, at malvernhillsgardeningclub@gmail.com, who will put you in touch with Richard


Notice from Malvern Rotary Club

The Rotary Club of Malvern needs old and unwanted hand and power tools, in support of the charity ‘Tools for Self Reliance’.  Tools will be refurbished  and sent to TFSR.

TFSR has been training, equipping and supporting people in 6 African countries since 1979.  More details of their work can be found on their website, www.tfsr.org.

The Rotary Club will be collecting tools at B and Q Malvern from 9am to 4pm on Thursday, 10th June.  There is also a regular collection point at Bradford’s in Pickersleigh Road. 

Museum of Royal Worcester

New Botanical Art Exhibition 27 May – 31 October 2021.  ‘Botanical Treasures’ celebrates flowers and fruit on porcelain.  Workshops and demonstrations.  For more information visit www.museumofroyalworcester.org or follow MoRW on Facebook.

NGSG.  Weblink to June openings of Gloucestershire gardens in National Garden Scheme is https://ngs.org.uk/gloucestershire.

April 2021

Happy Easter

This month we have contributions from members about their particular interests and news of Zoom meetings for April and May. 

Helena Kent. Club Secretary

Save the date! Weds, 28 April at 7.20pm

Our next MHGC Zoom meeting!

Details: Join meeting at 7.20pm for 7.30pm talk. Approx one hour long.

The next Zoom meeting will be on Weds 28 April and the speaker will be Stuart Lees, who will be talking about ‘Adventurous Container Gardening’. Stuart’s biographical details are:

Having worked in horticulture since leaving school, Stuart studied for a Diploma at Askham Bryan College in Yorkshire before taking a gardener’s position with the Cadogan Estate in Chelsea. From there he progressed to various Head Gardener positions in the South East, including at a five-acre intensive garden in Berkshire for six years and responsibility for a 100-acre garden in Oxfordshire, which included the initial design work on the new garden and a one-acre, elliptical walled garden. Before becoming self-employed in 2000 he was the Head Gardener and Designer for a small London based gardening company, responsible for the maintenance of various private gardens in South West London.

We will forward you more details, the link, meeting ID and pass code nearer the time.

Ian Thwaites, a professional plant and gardens photographer, gave a very interesting Zoom talk to 21 participants at our March meeting.  We also learned a few tricks of the trade, which is all about ‘selling the dream’ to quote the speaker.

May’s meeting, Weds 26 May, will be a Zoom talk on ‘An Allotment Year’ by Alan Williamson.

Subscriptions 2021.

Subscriptions are now due for renewal for this year. We are maintaining the yearly subscription at £10. The cancellation of the Malvern shows has resulted in a substantial loss of income for the club, as we usually receive monies from holding the plant crêche. In order to remain sustainable as a club, we need to continue with the usual subscription fee this year. Please look in the newsletter for details of how to pay electronically – our preferred method.

If you wish to pay by cheque, please make payable to Malvern Hills Gardening Club and send to the club treasurer. Address is Mary Pillon, 12, Arosa Drive, Malvern, WR14 3JP.

Upsize/Downsize by Phil Bunyan

When we retired in 2002 we decided to move from Hertfordshire to Worcestershire. We needed to get away from M25/M1 and all the other traffic. I had always been keen on gardening and had 2 allotments in Hertfordshire. We could not afford to move to a detached house with land in that area.

Hence we purchased converted agricultural buildings with 4 1/2 acres which included an old neglected orchard. We concentrated on upgrading the buildings to start with, just ticking the garden over. The following year I concentrated on the garden. A vegetable patch was dug out from rough grassland and fencing constructed to divide the garden into various areas. An old fish pond was relined and increased in size, with new fish introduced. A new wildlife pond was also created which encouraged newts, frogs and other pond life.

It was time to start on the orchard which had not been pruned for many years. A neighbour agreed to keep about 20 sheep in the orchard. The old dead lower branches of the fruit trees were removed and the upper branches pruned. This was done in 3 stages over 3 years. A circular path was mowed through the orchard which allowed easy access to all the trees. New trees were planted where there were gaps in the rows, and also in an area down the bottom which had been left open.

We planted organically grown trees from Walcot Nursery in Drakes Broughton, choosing local Three Counties varieties. In all we ended up with 172 apple 34 pear 22 Plum and 3 Cherries. Local varieties included Madresfield Court, Newland Sack, Colwall Quoining, Pitmaston Pineapple and William Crump. A survey of the orchard was carried out in 2014 by Worcestershire Wildlife Trust which confirmed it met the required habitat quality for selection as a local wildlife site. (LWS)

Each year in the autumn with 5 other couples we would spend the day making apple juice and cider, dividing the three hundred odd bottles between the helpers. The orchard in the winter was full of redwings and fieldfare feeding on the fallen fruit with woodpeckers nesting during summer in the old trees.

The excess fruit and vegetables grown on the plot were either given to friends/neighbours or put in the freezer. As I advanced in years I found that the garden was taking more of my time keeping to the standards I had set myself. Holidays became more of a problem, finding time to get away then catching up with the jobs on our return.

We had been at the house now 15 years, so a decision was made to move into Malvern where we had facilities available within walking distance. We eventually found a property that we liked however the garden was very small. When moving house one always has to make compromises and the garden size was outweighed by the other benefits. Hence we now have a back garden approx 60ft by 45ft which is divided roughly 50/50 with flowers and vegetables. I have a greenhouse which enables me to grow most of my plants from seed.

I do miss the large garden walking around the orchard enjoying the wildlife, but as I get older I think we made the right decision at the right time in our lives.

Allotment love by MaggieJo St John

I’ve grown vegetables and fruit whenever I have had a bit of garden. Most exotically in Singapore where a papaya tree actually gave us our own fruit; most consistently in Birmingham until the lovely neighbouring park trees soared so high that my veg patch was shaded out and became more of a woodland habitat; most bizarrely here in Malvern where I use part of my small front garden for beans, corn on the cob, tomatoes….it’s the only south facing area so there’s no neat flower border for neighbours to admire; these edible delights are in full view!

And I have even more edible delights now that I have the immense pleasure of an allotment. I was allocated a plot in 2018; a full size one (200+sq m) became vacant and was divided in two. I misunderstood which was my half, was very happy with it as it was in relatively good condition and started putting down large quantities of cardboard to prevent weeds growing. When I realised my mistake I had mixed emotions: on the plus side I now inherited a shed, an overgrown fruit bush and even some chard, perpetual spinach and edible unharvested potatoes; on the downside I discovered that two thirds of it was heavily overgrown with rampant old raspberry canes and matted bindweed.

I gave myself three winters to eradicate all that, a third at a time. Now, in 2021, I can establish permanent areas for perennials such as rhubarb, an asparagus bed, new raspberry canes, some soft fruit bushes and a central strip of plants for pollinators. I was mapping that out on paper when, walking along Court Road in January, I cast my beady eye over a skip and spotted treasure! Long boards in good condition. A “help yourself” from the owner and 30+ one metre long flooring boards plus shorter ones were mine. With a third lockdown, there’s not been much to do; it’s too wet to walk the fields, let alone work the ground. Suddenly I had a reason to be down on the allotment on a regular basis: cobble the boards together and create paths and borders. To call them raised beds would be a misnomer as yet: I need, over the years, to build up sufficient layers of compost and manure before they merit that name.

I get immense pleasure from my allotment and was especially grateful to have one last year. Grateful too, unexpectedly, to Michael Gove who explicitly mentioned working on allotments as allowable activity in the first lockdown. I’ve wondered why I get such pleasure from it, more perhaps, certainly in a different way, than from my garden. Our gardens (if we have one) are mainly enclosed and private. For me, the allotment is a large open space where I have a sense of freedom: there’s no feeling that it should look good – it’s a place for practical, purposeful activity. Every plot is different, each allotment holder there for their own reasons yet all happy to pass the time of day and share ideas. Nowadays, few of us aim to be self sufficient and feed a family. We may want to grow organically, reducing the amount of chemicals we ingest or have space for a greenhouse or polytunnel so we can ripen cucumbers, grapes, pepper, melon, so many possibilities! Or just have more space and light.

While allotments have existed for hundreds of years, our current system stems from the nineteenth century when industrialisation left many labourers without access to land, unable to grow food to feed their families. The 1908 Small Holdings and Allotments Act placed a duty on local authorities to provide sufficient allotments and this was extended, after the First World War, and land was made available to all, not only the labouring poor.

 I have a plot at Goodwood Road, a site that adjoins the railway line, owned and run by Malvern Town Council. Just as individual plots differ so too do the ways in which allotments are run with many now operating under devolved management schemes. There is a National Allotment Society (NAS) which supports members, be they individuals, societies, local authorities or others and champions the allotment movement. Taking on even a part size allotment is a substantial time commitment and can be a physical challenge. Sadly, we seem to love them so much that we hold on to them even when we cannot look after them properly and they become overgrown. At Goodwood Road this is the time of year when new people arrive to cast their eyes over a plot and assess whether its location, condition and aspect bode well. Some last a year or so, some will become the old stalwarts; some are enthusiastic beginners, some bring a wealth of experience; some live close enough to pop in daily, whilst others fit a visit around their work shifts; some of us raid skips for useful items, others invest money as well as time to create a special space. We all (mostly, most of the time) have a smile on our face.

Competitions by Carole Newton

Following a heartfelt plea from the chair of the group for more members to enter the monthly competitions I finally decided to give it a go. That month was Spring flowering shrubs. My entry was Edgeworthia, a fantastic very early flowering shrub in my garden. It was relatively unknown to most of the members in the group who were amazed at the strong honey perfume which filled the air, and too the wonderful blooms.

Duncan Coombes the speaker/judge that evening was very taken with it and awarded it first prize. That was it, I was hooked. It wasn’t always easy to find the flowers, foliage or decorative arrangement each time. Nevertheless, I tried and managed to find something almost every month.

Imagine my surprise and delight a couple of years later when I was awarded the RHS medal for overall winner of that year. The only medal I had been awarded since winning the egg and spoon race at junior school, (it was cardboard though), more years ago than I care to remember. I am very proud of that achievement.

So, if you have never tried your hand yet, why not give it a go and you too could be a medal winner.

What are the origins of our plants?  Helena Kent

Having watched ‘Monty Don’s Japanese Gardens’ on tv, I wanted to get a Japanese theme going in my own back garden, albeit on a miniature scale!  After all, I had the necessary elements:water, stone and a fertile imagination!

I already had a wildlife pond and several trees and shrubs, native to Japan and Asia and plenty of Malvern stone.  The soil is neutral and mostly well drained with mixture of sun and shade.  I had planted an azalea and a Japanese maple, as well as a young Katsura tree (Cercidiphyllum japonicum) because I love the scent of its leaves in Autumn.  When you crush them they smell of toffee apples!  It was also one of Geoff Hamilton’s favourite trees and he loved to sit in the shade of one at Barnsdale Gardens in Exton, Rutland.

When we moved here 3 years ago now, I inherited several established shrubs and surprisingly enough, after a bit of research I found that most of them originated from Japan or Asia.  One was a red Camellia, originating from the Himalayas to Japan and Indonesia, another was Skimmia japonica, native to Japan, China and Indonesia.  The bees love it but only when the sun is on it.  I also inherited a Spirea (Spiraea japonica) native to Japan, China and Korea and a Weigela.  The Weigela florida has an interesting history.  It was the first species to be collected for Western gardens from N. China, Korea and Manchuria.  It was found by Scottish botanist and plant hunter Robert Fortune and imported to England in 1845.

The Viburnum, I think, is Viburnum x bodnantense, a hybrid cultivar, V. farreri (native to N. China) crossed with V. grandiflorum (a Himalayan variety).  It was made in 1935 by Charles Puddle, head gardener to Lord Aberconway, of Bodnant Garden, Wales.  It certainly earns its place in the garden in Winter,due to its beautiful scented blossom, when most other shrubs are just bare stems.

I have since planted a Peony and Daphnes in the garden; a Pieris, in a pot containing acid soil and a Gingko (native to China) also confined to a container.  I find the Gingko biloba fascinating because of its leaf structure and history, considered as a ‘living fossil’.

Bleeding heart, Dicentra spectabilis, as I know it, now called Lamprocapnos spectabilis had a beautiful display in my garden last year and I am hoping it will return!  It is native to Siberia, N. China, Korea and Japan.  Plants were introduced to England from Asia in 1840s by Robert Fortune.

I am now looking for more plants for ground cover, which fit into the theme!

I recommend the book: Authentic Japanese Gardens by Yoko Kawaguchi.

Allotment News.  Barry Kent

The weather in March has been varied, with some sharp frosts, rain and dry cool days.

I will harvest the last of the leeks.  All the fruit trees and bushes look healthy and are in bud.  The weeds now need regular hoeing and the paths strimming.  The water supply is now back on.

I am experimenting on part of the allotment with a ‘no dig’ policy.  It will be interesting to see which vegetables prosper in the different plots.  Presently the soil is cold and wet but hopefully I can sow some seed before the end of the month eg spinach, parsnips and lettuce.

March Newsletter

March 2021 

First of March.  First day of Spring!  Meteorologically speaking!  I can spell it but can I say it?

Daffodils are out!  The symbol of new beginnings.

This month we feature allotments and vegetable growing with thanks to those members who contributed.  We also include a delicious Delia recipe for carrot cake, so you can never have too many carrots!  In addition we have an invitation to peek into one country lady’s diary and another’s garden as well as continuing with theme of parents’ gardens.

Our Club had a mention in the February edition of the RHS magazine, ‘The Garden’, in an article, which referred to problems facing gardening societies and I quote “Malvern Hills Gardening Club revamped its Facebook page, produced a monthly newsletter and held monthly competitions online.  ‘We hope we have done enough so that, when we can meet again in person, our membership numbers will start to grow again’, said Patsy Cooke of the club’.”

Helena Kent. Club Secretary

Save the date! Weds, 24 March at 7.20pm

Our second MHGC Zoom meeting!

Details: Join meeting at 7.20pm for 7.30pm talk. Approx one hour long.

The speaker is Ian Thwaites, his talk is titled “The life of a plant and garden photographer”.

Biography: Ian is an International Garden Photographer of the Year award winning botanical photographer with a specialist knowledge of cacti and succulent plants. Many of his images capture the natural beauty of my subjects whether in a formal garden, their natural environment or as a simple portrait. He is a member of the Garden Media Guild, Professional Garden Photographers Association and Chairman of the British Cactus and Succulent Society.

His website is www.ianthwaites.com   it is definitely worth taking a look.

We will forward you more details, the link, meeting ID and pass code nearer the time.

Breaking News…..…Breaking News……..Breaking News…..…

April and May Zoom talks have also been organised:

April 28 2021: Adventurous Container Gardening -Stuart Lee

May 26 2021: An Allotment Year – Alan Williamson

Subscriptions 2021.

Subscriptions are now due for renewal for this year. We are maintaining the yearly subscription at £10. The cancellation of the Malvern shows has resulted in a substantial loss of income for the club, as we usually receive monies from holding the plant crêche. In order to remain sustainable as a club, we need to continue with the usual subscription fee this year. Please look in the newsletter for details of how to pay electronically – our preferred method.

If you wish to pay by cheque, please make payable to Malvern Hills Gardening Club and send to the club treasurer. Address is Mary Pillon, 12, Arosa Drive, Malvern, WR14 3JP.

2020 A strange year in my garden by Fay Grist

January            A cold, wet and windy month
House sparrows, doves, wood pigeons, robins, dunnock, blue tits, great tits, long tailed tits, blackcaps and
blackbirds on table and feeders. 
Snowdrops, wall flowers, snowflakes, winter box, winter sweet, Iris stylosa all in flower.

February          Gales, wind and rain.  Storm Dennis.
Mahonia, Hellebores, aconites, snowdrops ‘Wendy’s Gold’, Iris stylosa, winter sweet, winter box, winter
honeysuckle and Edgeworthia all in bloom.

March              Very mixed; wind, rain and sun
1st Lockdown.  Link Nurseries closed.  Confined to house.
Goldfinch, blackbird, dunnock, blackcap, house sparrows, doves, robin.  Honey and bumblebees on rosemary
and ivy.  No frogs this year.
Crocus ‘Tete a Tete’ and ‘Jetfire’ all in flower.
Sow Cosmos, runner bean, Ipomea and mini lobata seed.

April                Cold, windy, dry
Goldfinch, blackbirds, doves, house sparrows, dunnock, robin.
White clematis and ‘Freda’, Chilean glory vine, red rhododendron and wisteria all in bloom.

May                 Very dry and hot.
Long tailed tits, blue tits, great tits, goldfinch, jackdaws, doves, house sparrows, dunnock, blackbirds, robin all
on table and feeders. 
Bearded iris, orange, bronze, purple, yellow and black flowering well.  Tomato seedlings coming up on
Back to work at Link as soon as allowed.

June                 Very hot and dry.
Starlings back.
Oriental poppies (all colours).  Runner beans suffering, strawberries doing well.

July                  Rain at last!
Grey squirrel back.  Red Admiral, Peacock, Meadow Brown butterflies.
Allium, phlox, clematis, pinks, salvias, cranesbills all good.
Redcurrant, gooseberries and Worcesterberry good.  First new potatoes.

August            Shasta daisies, Crocosmia, Rudbeckia, Helenium, Cyclamen hederifolium.
Tomatoes ripening.

September      Hot, a little rain.
Runner beans, raspberries doing well.

October           Warm and wet.
Great tits back.
Clematis flowering 2nd time.  Yellow Bearded Iris.  Dwarf   salvias very good.
Iris stylosa very early, usually Christmas time.

November       2nd Lockdown
Snowdrops ‘Three Ships’ in bloom, usually mid December.  Salvias, Fatsia, Mahonia, Fuchsia, Iceberg rose, pink
Kaffir lilies still in bloom.
Spindle, smoketree, witch hazel, Cornus, ivy, Euonymus great Autumn colour.
Cut down raspberries and shred.

December        Snow on 28th.
‘Three Ships’, 20 blooms, Iris stylosa, 18 blooms.
Cut off Hellebore leaves as buds forming.  Cleared leaves and put in leaf bin.


We have had an allotment in many different parts of the country as we have moved quite a few times

The first one was in Eastney Barracks, Portsmouth, part of an old walled garden, where we grew mainly potatoes as it was quite a distance from our home.

Next was in Lympstone , Devon. A beautiful site overlooking the Exe estuary, the weather there was so warm things grew well but the spring flowers only lasted for a few days as I discovered when we moved up North……

The next one , again by the sea was way up North  in Tynemouth ( Newcastle) the thing I remember about that one was collecting seaweed from the shore, with the assistance of 3 young children, and wheelbarrowing it up some steps to the park where the plots were.

I have just read this piece of useless information – Newcastle has the most allotments per person of any city in the UK with 23 per 100,000 people. a total of 66 different sites!! 

Our next house, in Darlington Co Durham had a garden big enough for us to grow vegetables, especially huge cauliflowers one year, so 15 years without an allotment!

We then moved to London – yes I had an allotment in Merton, near the famous tennis courts. Most of the other growers were old men who spent all day there to get out of the house, they used to have mid day ’coffee’ – a bell was rung to summon the gang – I was invited to join them but only once – think I stalled their conversation!  We had free manure delivered to the site, it was said that it came from the Royal Stables.

I now  have one in Goodwood Road, Malvern Link. I was offered one in Madresfield Road but they have now gone to be part of the cemetery so just as well I declined it!

That was 10 years ago and I am still getting it into shape, it might not be the tidiest on site  but I maintain that I have produce to pick most  of the year round, and a freezer full of fruit for crumbles and summer pudding all year!  So….. at the moment, in February, I have parsnips, kale (Nero), spinach, parsley and a few left over carrots.  There are always some disappontments and this year it is the Purple Sprouting Broccoli which I love and usually does well so not sure what went wrong.  But the rhubarb is sprouting well , the broad beans are struggling. Fortunately I have some seedlings nearly ready to plant out . The plot is 125sq m. technically half a plot -rent is  £23.40 a year.

I have been very fortunate with the position of my plot as it backs onto houses and the occupants frequently  give me cups of tea, coffee or cold squash – they benefit from some of my produce.

Some are able to relax,& make a cuppa in their sheds

You can have sheds, greenhouses or even poly tunnels

Some plots are neater than others!!!

So upward and onward….. the allotment has been my lifesaver during the  past year I did rush down there in March 2020 to plant the potatoes in case we were prevented from going there but it was then decreed that we could attend our plots so it has been a hive of activity all year!!  Always socially distanced of course!

Trish Robinson

Allotment News.  Barry Kent

With the varied weather, there has been little to do on my allotment.  The leeks are doing well and delicious.  The weather has become milder but wet.  Early March sowing is not looking sensible at the moment.  The soil is cold and waterlogged.  Weeds are thriving, however!

A Challenge from Richard Winterton

What are these plants in the picture?

Clue: Seed sown at beginning of November and pricked out 2 weeks later. At beginning of January put into 3 ½ inch pots as shown.  Have been in house with gentle extra heat.  Lack of light during winter has made them spindly.  In due course will be planted in vegetable patch!

(Answer at the end of the newsletter!)

Memories of a Kent Garden by Barry Kent

I was born and brought up in mid Kent in the 1950s.  My mother kept farm records of how many hop pockets were filled by the hop pickers from London.  Here I am, next to a hop pocket!

My father was a police constable and our village home was a purpose built police house (late 1940s).  The garden started out as a blank canvas except for a large apple tree in the largest lawn.  My Dad was a keen gardener and was lucky to have such a large garden.  He grew most types of vegetables and as I grew older I was expected to help with the digging and lawn mowing.  Dad was successful in growing asparagus, which seemed exotic to me as a child.  Dad even experimented with growing melons against the garage wall.  We also benefited from raspberries and strawberries.  Most of the garden vegetables were eaten with Sunday roast, listening to ‘Two Way Family Favourites’ on the radio. 

Around the house and police office there were flower borders and I can remember spring bulbs flowering, lavender and fuchsias The garden was also a place to learn to ride a bike, keep pets and tree climb!  Dad loved to sunbathe in a deckchair with a hankie, knotted in four corners, on his head!

Cordylines and Phormiums by Hilary Thorogood

In this short article I do not intend to go into a detailed explanation of either in terms of botany but rather to point out the merits of both purely from a gardener’s point of view! I have come to love them in recent years and appreciate what they have to offer.

Phormiums  New Zealand flax

Phormiums are undemanding exotic looking evergreens with eye catching coloured, sword like leaves.

They are ideal for sunny borders, gravel gardens or containers and I have fallen in love with them over the last few years

They vary in height from 1m to 2.4m, they prefer full sun and are drought tolerant once established. It’s a good idea to check the size so they are going to do well in the position you have chosen.

There are many varieties that are now frost hardy down to -10C but some may need protection in the severest cold.

Phormium Rainbow Queen 1m high -1.5m spread.
A statement plant in this mixed bed, beautiful colours.

Pink Panther 0.8 x 0.8 upright, both frost hardy to -10C
Golden Ray 1.5m-2m x 1.5m-2m spread.


Known as the slender palm lily are many and various. Whereas Phormiums form their leaves from the base of the plant and grow as a clump, Cordyline have a central ‘trunk’ and sword like leaves. They vary in height from 1m to 20m but there are plenty of varieties for small gardens but check before you buy!

I have them planted in the border where they created interest and texture but I like them in containers too.

Cordyline Maori Sunrise planted in perennial beds

Both species are beautiful architectural plants and are a huge bonus in the winter garden as they are evergreen. Their often vibrant colours sing out across the garden. The strap like leaves do get untidy after winter but the worst affected leaves can be pulled off and a liquid feed in spring will set them going again. Container grown phormiums benefit from regular feeding through the spring and summer.

They have flower spikes in summer once mature. Mine are not yet mature enough!

Report on Zoom meeting 24 February.

Our first Zoommeeting proved to be very successful with an enjoyable and interesting talk given by Robin Pearce, a retired nurseryman of hardy plants, on hostas and companion planting.

Robin showed us photos of hostas ranging from miniature ones to large leaved varieties. 

He told us that hostas are native to NE Asia with over 70 species and 6100 cultivars.  They are also known as plantain lilies and are apparently edible. 

They like a rich fertile soil, ph6 and light shade, although some will take full sun.  They prefer damp but not waterlogged soil.  You can mulch them in bark, gravel or ‘Strulch’, which is composted straw.  They can be fed in spring and summer.  You can divide them at any time.

They are mainly trouble free but their major pests are vine weevil, rabbits and snails. 

Robin offered some ideas for controlling pests, which were: use of natural predators, removing dead leaves, grit, coffee grounds, copper bands, WD40 and possibly garlic or simply keep them in pots.  He employed the technique of ‘dawn patrol’, when he would get up at dawn and pick off the snails!

There are now some resistant strains on the market, such as ‘Halcyon’ and ‘Devon Green’. 

There are all sizes of hostas from miniature ones, which are best grown in pots, small ones for ground cover, medium ones to large.  There are green ones, blue ones, yellow and white, some with variegation and streaky ones.  Also ‘pie crust varieties’ with a wavy edge, popular in the US.

Robin suggested a number of plants that make good companions for hostas, such as ferns and plants that perform in winter, when hostas are dormant and die back in summer as hostas come into their own.  He suggested snowdrops, Arum, Bergenia, Brunnera, Lily of the valley, Cyclamen, Epimedium, Erythronium, Heuchera, Hellebores and Liriope muscari. 

The meeting lasted about an hour.

Plant news from Lucy Bannister

It struck me the other day that for the last few years I have become a plant collector, not to be confused with a plant hunter. Not for me travelling to the four corners of the earth, wading through rivers, climbing mountains and dealing with unspeakable insects, but rather driving around Worcestershire, picking up donated plants from generous nursery men and women, all in aid of St. Richard’s hospice.

I like to think that Spring is on its way, and as this is the time when we assess our gardens for the coming year, we may decide to dig up or split plants. If this is the case, I would be very grateful for any surplus plants you may have, that I could sell in aid of the hospice. All I ask is that they are in pots and labelled. It seems now that the “garden centre” on my drive will be open until April 12th and after that plants will be for sale at the hospice shops in Malvern Link and Pershore. I would be more than happy to collect any plants you may have, combining it with an essential journey to the supermarket!  Many thanks.  Lucy.  swissbannister@gmail.com

Answer to challenge

Potatoes grown from seed.  Not seed potatoes!  Did anyone get it right?  Look forward to seeing photos of the crop!


We would like to get some feedback from members, so would be very grateful if you would answer this short questionnaire and email your replies to malvernhillsgardeningclub@gmail.com.

  1. Which newsletter articles have been of most interest to you?
  2. What are your main interests in the garden – flowers/fruit/veg or other?
  3. Have you a particular passion in the garden?  What is it?
  4. Have you any gardening tips you would like to share?  What are they?
  5. Can you recommend any local gardens or nurseries to visit?
  6. What would you like to see featured in future newsletters?

Next month we will feature members’ gardening passions or special interests, so please send in your contributions by 24 March!

February Newsletter

February is all about hearts and flowers (and foliage for some)! 

Orchids seem to make more of an appearance on supermarket shelves as we approach St Valentine’s Day, so I have written a piece about them for this issue. We also have a variety of articles, some from new contributors. One in particular, by Patsy Cooke, follows a trend, that I hope we can continue, about parents’ and grandparents’ gardens.

Helena Kent. Club Secretary

Breaking News…..…Breaking News……..Breaking News…..…

Save the date! Weds, 24 February at 7.20pm.

Our very first MHGC Zoom meeting! Speaker: Robin Pearce has been booked to give talk on ‘Hostas and Companion Plants’.

Details: Join meeting at 7.20pm for 7.30pm talk. Approx one hour long.

I will forward you more details, the link, meeting ID and pass code nearer the time.

March meeting will also be by Zoom. Weds, 24 March at 7.20pm. Speaker will be Ian Thwaites on ‘The Life of a Plant and Garden Photographer’.

Due to the present uncertain situation, we will send you details of April and May meetings and future visits nearer the time.

Subscriptions 2021.

Subscriptions are now due for renewal for this year. We are maintaining the yearly subscription at £10. The cancellation of the Malvern shows has resulted in a substantial loss of income for the club, as we usually receive monies from holding the plant crêche. In order to remain sustainable as a club, we need to continue with the usual subscription fee this year. Please look in the newsletter for details of how to pay electronically – our preferred method.

If you wish to pay by cheque, please make payable to Malvern Hills Gardening Club and send to the club treasurer. Address is Mary Pillon, 12, Arosa Drive, Malvern, WR14 3JP.

Looking forward to March, we are going to feature allotments and vegetable growing.

Here is a taster from Barry Kent. .

Tales from the Allotment. January 2021

Two years ago, I took over an allotment at the Goodwood Road council site. I was surprised to be offered the plot, as there was a long waiting list. The previous tenant was obviously into fruit. The plot was overgrown but during 2019, I found healthy red and blackcurrant bushes, cultivated blackberries, an apple tree and two gooseberry bushes. For some reason, 2019 was a good year for currants and 2020 for apples and blackberries.

The plot could not be rotivated, as there were many ‘hidden’ paving slabs and wooden planks, which were possibly used as dividers? In the last three months I have pruned the fruit bushes and apple tree. New strawberry plants have gone in, replacing old plants. Young blueberry bushes have been planted and dwarf raspberry bushes will replace the old ones, which have expired!

The only vegetables I have left are leeks, which are okay, despite part of the plot having been recently flooded. As this winter weather is so variable, weeds are still appearing. Thinking back to the 1970s, in November, when my garden was dug over and manure added, weeds never seemed to be a problem!

If you wish to share your experiences (good or bad) of vegetable growing or allotment holding with fellow club members, please email malvernhillsgardeningclub@gmail.com by February 20 for inclusion in next newsletter. Thanks!

Helena Kent

A Dream of a Greenhouse by Patsy Cooke

I started gardening in the late 50’s as a small child, helping my widowed mother in our garden on the outskirts of London. We talked about gardens and gardening while we worked. I loved that garden.

The things I remember were mostly colour or form: lots of bulbs, day lilies, “grandma’s bonnets”, phlox (that unforgettable scent), masses of Lily of the Valley and forget-me-not, London Pride (of course), bears breeches, peonies, Michaelmas daisies, globe thistle (called by us Pippa Flowers as they were always in bloom for my sister’s birthday) and periwinkle under a very early flowering pink rhododendron.

We had walnut and apple trees and lots of soft fruit. My father had planted roses: Albertine, Peace and Pauls Scarlet among them.  I remember too primroses originally brought from the family home in Devon to form Mother’s wartime wedding bouquet – some of them pink. I have their offspring in my garden even now. Mother cultivated a veg patch – anything she could get hold of. She saved seed whenever she could.

On her own with five children, my mother couldn’t afford a greenhouse. She was a very pragmatic gardener and only grew what she knew would survive hordes of children, some neglect and next door’s enormous tortoise. “Loity” had a voracious appetite for our veg and regularly had to be rescued from the bonfire heap. Anything the least bit tender lived on the window ledge in the small conservatory and endured the attentions of a series of interested budgies.

Apart from a vegetable garden, they had a rose garden, another garden planted with flowers for the house, espalier fruit underplanted with strawberries lining the footpath to the front door, extensive lawns and several greenhouses. How the other half lived! I could only dream about having my own garden and it had to have a greenhouse.

I did get a garden in 1980 and was able to share a 6’ x 4’ aluminium lean-to greenhouse with my then husband. Whilst it was a start, it wasn’t satisfactory for either of us as it was small when we each wanted different things from it. But we were able to be a bit more ambitious than before and certainly enjoyed our successes. It was definitely better than nothing, but it wasn’t the greenhouse I was dreaming about.

In 2000 I moved to Malvern. The garden was now my sole responsibility to do with as I chose. I began to plan. I had inherited ‘the shed held up by ivy’. It really would have fallen down if I tried to remove the ivy. All I dared to do was give it a serious hair cut each year but it was where my greenhouse would eventually go.

Funds were tight and I still had three children at home… so still no greenhouse. I spent hours in the garden, learning more about what would grow, plant names, planting times a bit about pruning and some of the endless other things that go with learning to be a gardener when you’re just doing it. I tried a plastic covered mini-greenhouse anchored to the wall to keep a few plants in and was frustrated by its limitations. I learned the gardener’s lesson – patience.

All this time I was looking at sheds and greenhouses and every possible combination thereof. So much so that my daughter christened it “shed porn”.

My dream greenhouse had to be exactly what I wanted. For practicality it had to be part shed, to effectively store all my garden and household tools, as well as a reasonably sized greenhouse. Later I decided that I needed automatic vents and power for heating and lighting, for dark winter days and long evenings and the essential radio. I wanted room for a seat and a small table for the very important cuppa or glass of vino colapso. The greenhouse itself had to be made of cedar, for its beauty, long life and low maintenance qualities.

By 2017, children gone, I knew that I’d saved enough that I could afford something special at the Spring Show. With a view to having time to prepare the base, I enlisted my sons’ help to demolish the old shed.  I couldn’t wait for my Sheddy-greenhouse to arrive but was also anxious as it is still the most expensive present I’ve ever bought myself.

I knew that I wanted to be able to maintain the shed myself and stop the ivy from returning, so there had to be a walkway all round, with space at the back for at least one water butt and a storage box.

Like most Malvern gardens mine is not at all level, so with the help of a local contractor, who was able to rid me of the final obstacles by pulling an old tree stump and an 8-foot length of sleeper out of the ground. Who buries a sleeper? By the end of July, he had levelled and then paved the area, ensuring that there was a suitable gravel filled run-off for water around the outside of the greenhouse. I was then able to use the warm dry days of August to edge the step with some leftover Moroccan tiles.

On 13th October 2017 it was delivered and erected by the suppliers.

I can honestly say that apart from being a really practical answer to my storage demands, it answers all my other needs. My neighbours love that the shed is at the back and does not take any light from their veg plot and I love that when the light from the shed window isn’t enough, I can flick a switch and find everything within arms reach. The front gets all the light it needs for plants to grow strongly and in summer gets some shade from next door’s cherry tree. It’s all accessible and easy to keep clean. For fun I’ve titivated it with fairy lights and with a lizard on the finial. My grandchildren love it and so do I.

Just over three years on, I still feel that it has been my best present and investment. Hours fly by when I’m pottering in there. I have grown more, sown more and propagated more and differently every year. Even though it’s not as tidy as it was in last February, it has been a place of refuge and sanity during the madness of the last year.

Even on days where I’ve not felt like gardening, when it has been icy outside or during a downpour, I’ve found myself in there listening to the rain and wind, to the radio or just to nothing at all. I remind myself that this is a dream that has come true. As Winnie the Pooh would have it “Sometimes I sits and thinks. And sometimes I just sits.”

My Love Affair with Orchids

My love affair with orchids began in Florida, several years ago. It is a wonderful place to grow orchids and any sub tropical or tropical plant. A wide variety of orchids are readily available to buy in garden centres, specialist orchid nurseries, at fairs and shows. Every town seems to have an orchid society and best of all the raffle prizes are orchids! This photo shows a Dendrobium phalaenopsis hybrid, which I won in a raffle!

In Florida orchids are happy to grow outside, as long as they have the required amount of shade. They love the humidity and heat and can survive some cold, if temperatures drop during a cold front. You can attach the epiphytic types, such as Phalaenopsis to trees or bark and as their roots develop, they will cling happily to the tree, following their natural habit, as they would grow in the wild.

Of course, Florida is a long way from the UK and conditions could not be more different but the good thing is, you can replicate most of the conditions they need in your own home. Orchids are fairly tough plants and will tolerate a lot of abuse! If you consider how they grow in the wild you get a better understanding of their needs.

Phalaenopsis (Moth Orchids) are the most popular type here and most supermarkets sell them. They are considered as ‘throwaway’ plants but there is nothing more rewarding than getting them to flower again. It may take a year but well worth trying! When they do bloom, the flowers can last for 3 months or more. In the photo, this Phal rebloomed after a year, (if I remember right!) and lasted for so long, that when the final flower opened the rest had faded!

There are many books and magazine articles which give advice on growing orchids. One book I would recommend is ‘Growing Windowsill Orchids’ by Philip Seaton. (Kewgrowing). A few simple tips I would give for growing Phals are: keep them out of direct sunlight, away from draughts and radiators and do not overwater! Water them once (or twice) a week in summer and less in winter. When you can see their roots are very green, they should not need watering but when the roots turn a silvery white, then they can be watered. The mantra I followed in Florida was feed ‘weekly, weakly’ and here too but not in winter. You can mist them regularly too or grow in bathrooms or kitchens, where they like the humidity.

If you want to try something other than Phals, you can sometimes find Oncidium (dancing ladies) in local grocery stores, supermarkets or nurseries. Otherwise you need to visit a show, such as the Three Counties in June, which hosts an International Orchid Show or Gardeners World Live at the NEC, Birmingham in June, which have orchid growers or buy online from an orchid specialist, such as Burnham Nurseries in Devon, www.orchids.uk.com.

The same general rules of care apply to Oncidium but water regularly or leaves will concertina. Do not allow to dry out completely between waterings.

When you buy from a specialist, you will get the species name and although they are usually more expensive, they tend to be better quality and come with advice on growing. Orchids used to be very expensive and the preserve of the rich. Some even have been the motive for murder! However due to modern techniques of propagation, they are now on mass production and we don’t have to worry about anyone with orchid envy!

In my opinion, Oncidium (as in these photos) are hard to beat when it comes to variety of colour and some species even have scent. However, when it comes to fragrance, my favourites have to be species of Cattleya.

The genus Cattleya was named after an English merchant and horticulturalist, William Cattley. Cattleya spp have the most divine perfume and the blooms used to be chosen as corsages. I bought one plant a couple of years ago and it kept producing more leaves, so that I divided it to make two plants, which have survived my repotting. They don’t show any signs of flowering yet and I may have to be a bit patient! Anyway I live in hope! Here’s a photo of original plant. Unfortunately a picture doesn’t reproduce the fragrance!

I hope that I may hear from some other orchid enthusiasts. The nearest orchid society I know about is Cheltenham and District Orchid Society but if there is anything nearer I would be pleased to hear about it.

Helena Kent


In many ways these make ideal house plants. They do not require constant attention and spend the summer in a shady place outside. In the winter they prefer a cool room indoors, in our case a conservatory. Clivias cannot take sun. Sun will burn the leaves. The flowers are showy and long lasting, mostly orange or yellow. The main flowering season is spring and summer but ours can flower at any time of year. The picture was taken on January 18th. When they flower in the summer we bring them into the house so we can appreciate them.

The plant in the picture is our original purchase, several years old now. In the meantime it has been split several times and offshoots passed on to friends. Being pleased with the original, unnamed, plant we have added to the collection, plants mostly with cultivar names, some bought online from a grower and a couple from Bob Brown’s Cotswold Garden Flowers. We bought a magnificent plant from him with very large pale yellow flowers. Keen to try different colours we bought a variety called Pink something or other. It turned out to be orange. We took it back. They were fine about replacing it with another Pink something or other. It too turned out orange. We could not be bothered going back a second time. The nearest we have to pink is a shade I call peach. We are still looking for red.

The seeds need time to ripen and then germinate readily, just place them on the surface of the compost, do not bury them. They are slow growing. Our first seedlings may flower this year. Until recently there has been little trouble with pests but over the last 12 months several different houseplants have been attacked by mealy bugs. Oil based insecticides have little effect. I am going to try Bug Clear Ultra.

Richard Winterton 20th January

Houseplants by MaggieJo

There’s a radio programme I occasionally catch ,when someone is given the opportunity to thank someone, that at the time, they didn’t have the chance to. This is my thank you to a Bizzie Lizzie.

Bizzie Lizzie. As I recall from the early and mid 1970s, she was an indoor plant; mind you I didn’t have a garden, so maybe hardy versions of her were out there then? A Bizzie Lizzie first lived with me in a first floor flat in Putney until I went abroad to work for nearly three years, leaving her in the care of my green fingered Mum. While I was away, I was stunned, on a trip in the hills of Argentina, to meet her family, growing in profusion as huge swathes in the moist shade along the edges of roads. My own Bizzie Lizzie had also flourished and came back, a foot in diameter, glossy leaved and colourful, to live in another first floor flat, this time alongside Wandsworth Common and whenever I see her now, I am mentally transported back there because she became a saviour. An unhappy love affair had left me there, moping alone in November, impelled out of bed only by the need to go to work; my evenings were spent miserably curled up by a radiator, unable to motivate myself. Until one evening, I glanced over and horror of horrors my gorgeous large Bizzie Lizzie was looking just like me: her leaves were drab and wilted; her flowers had dropped; her buds were drooping; her soil was dry and bereft of life. I moved faster than I had for several weeks and I gave her water. Slowly over the next few weeks she and I picked ourselves up; her leaves spread out and so did my footsteps; I picked off her dead stems and put them, with my romance, in the bin; her leaves began to shine and I took care over how I looked; she put out new blooms; I smiled and thanked her for returning me to sanity!

Splitting/Sharing Ornamental Grasses

Those who collected tomato plants from me last year will know I have a small front garden, sloping down with a good view onto the Beacon. Lovely. It is the sunniest place I have; it is also wind blown and dry. A talk at Colwall garden club on ornamental grasses set me thinking, some might thrive there better than the lawn grass, which turns brown each year. I’ve read that late winter/early spring is the time to split them, so 2021 is my yearof action. Please do any of you have ornamental grasses that will benefit from splitting and you’d be willing to share?

Thank you, MaggieJo
Tel 01684 574999
7 Tudor Close, Poolbrook, WR14 3SA

Propagation notes  February 2021 by Rachel Salisbury

House Plant Propagation

Helena has asked me to focus this month’s notes on house plants.  Anyone who knows me will be aware that my relationship with houseplants is not great, although I do have intermittent spells of ‘I will try harder’!   Most of my experience of house plant propagation dates back to when I was a student, when my desk looked more like a greenhouse bench than a serious workplace for a student.  What that did teach me was that ‘trial and error’ is a good way of learning.

That said let’s have a look at a few appropriate methods.

Seed.  Houseplants which produce flower can be propagated from seed.   Most can be sown at any time of year and germination times vary enormously.  They will need warmth: for most 20-25C is ideal and should be as constant as possible. A windowsill that gets cold at night is less likely to produce good results.  If you have a heated propagator, this is a good time to use it.  If you choose to put your seeds in the airing cupboard, make sure to check them daily. Once germinated, they need to be removed into a light place and not exposed to a sudden temperature drop. 

Sow seeds in a moist loam based seed compost. For very small seeds just mist spray lightly to settle them into the surface. Don’t cover with compost.  Place pots in a propagator with a lid, or seal in a plastic bag.  Check daily for germination and prick out/ pot up when large enough to handle. 

Stem Cuttings  Plants which have obvious stems and branches (like a small tree) can often be propagated from cuttings. These can be taken at any time of year, but Spring and Summer are best. Make the cutting as described for semi ripe cuttings earlier.  Insert into moist, gritty, low nutrient compost.  Place in propagator or seal in plastic bag and keep in a warm place out of direct sunlight.  Do not place in airing cupboard ` cuttings need light! Most will root in 3-4 weeks.  (Pelargoniums, Fuchsias, Christmas cactus)

Division  Plants that expand sideways and gradually fill their pot, can be divided.  This can be done at almost any time, but I would recommend Feb to Sept.  Divided sections can be potted up immediately into a good potting compost and should establish quickly in their new pots.  (Peace Lily , ferns, Clivia)

Air layering  Used for a few woody house plants such as rubber plant.   I’ll describe this in a later article when I cover it for outdoor plants too.

Leaf cuttings  these come into their own with certain groups of houseplants.  If you grow African Violets, Streptocarpus, Peperomia, Sanseveria or Begonia rex, this is the method you need to know about. African Violets and Peperomia are propagated from the whole leaves, whereas the others can be cut into sections to produce even more baby plants.  In my impoverished student days I successfully propagated African Violets, Streptocarpus and Peperomia in jars of water, but I wouldn’t say this is my recommended method! 

African Violets and Peperomias Take the whole leaf with the leaf stem. Insert into gritty low nutrient compost so that the base of the leaf blade is just at the surface of the compost.  Keep moist (not too wet!) and warm.  My mother had underfloor heating and used to have tray of African Violet leaves on the floor in the hallway!  Basal heat certainly seems to help if you can provide it.  After a few weeks, small plant will appear at the base of the leaf where it meets the compost.  Allow to grow in for a few weeks then pot up. 

Sanseveria, Streptocarpus and Begonia rex can be propagated from sections of the leaf, although whole leaves do also work.  There are a number of similar methods, but for the sake of simplicity I’ll just describe one, known as butterfly cuttings.  Take the leaf and with a very sharp knife make a cut diagonally from the edge to the midrib. Repeat from the other side so that the cuts meet in the middle.  Repeat this process along the length of the leaf, at approximately 2.5cm intervals.  You will then finish up with several V (or butterfly!) shaped cuttings.  Insert the cuttings with the point of the V into the compost and treat as above.   New plants will form at the point, and may also form where other cut veins are in contact with the compost.

Streptocarpus and Begonia rex  These can also be propagated from whole leaves laid on the surface of the compost. Lay the leaf flat on the compost.  Make cuts through some of the veins and pin down to make sure there is contact with the compost.  New plants will form at the cut ends of the veins.  Don’t get over enthusiastic with this at least until you become expert.  A few cuts will probably give you all the new plants you need.

A few general points re: leaf cuttings

  1. Use a sharp knife to ensure clean cuts
  2. Give basal heat if possible
  3. Keep in the light but out of direct sunlight
  4. Never use rooting hormone.  More about this later, but for now suffice to say that rooting hormone inhibits shoot growth and is totally inappropriate for leaf cuttings.


George Rees – 13th January 2021

I could live in a garden without flowers.  Now there is a statement to start an article.  But it is true and before I got into gardening it was the foliage of plants like ferns that drew me, rather than say roses. When I go to visit a garden (ah we all remember this right, ambling along losing oneself in the fauna and flora) it was always the kaleidoscope of greens that would catch my eye.  Depending on the season it’s the layers from the trees, down through the shrubs, to the tall grasses, down to the perennials, evergreen ferns, and foliage like hostas, and down again to the ground cover of grass, moss or plethora of saxifrage say.  The different forms, textures just a delight to my senses.

Here is a vista from John’s garden at Ashwood Nurseries that encapsulates everything I mean.

I attach this photo as I am actually in the exciting position of having just moved into a new garden in November (there was a house attached you will be pleased to know) so I am still in that stage of impatiently waiting to see what comes up in Spring before making my mark on it and creating my vision of what a garden could be.

This is where the article was born as I have quite a lot of plants in varying ornamental pots and planters waiting for their forever home in the ground and this winter has really shown just how much foliage especially evergreen I have. I could talk about ferns, hostas, heucheras, or grasses but I would imagine most of you have heard of these so instead I wanted to maybe introduce you to three of my favourite plants that will feature in the new garden and my thoughts on how and why.

Cryptomeria Japonica Elegans

When I found my love for gardening and started reading and researching I was astounded at the bad press conifers seemed to get.  Luckily not everyone thinks that way and I could indulge myself with some amazing varieties of all shapes and sizes.

This here is the Japanese Red Cedar.  It is evergreen, but not only that actually gives you three different colours with blue/green juvenile foliage turning to verdant green in the summer then an amazing mahogany plum in the winter with the added bonus of not dropping but staying all winter long.  It really is stunning.  Now yes this depending on garden size might be too big for some with a mature size of 6 to 10 metres but there is also a compact form (Cryptomeria Japonica Compacta) which is only 1.5 to 2.5 metres tall at maturity.

There is a huge array of dwarf conifers out there and if of interest Ashwood Nurseries and Limecross Nursey are two good places to start.

Thamnochortus Insignis

I love bamboos and tall grasses but both present issues not least in general bamboos are huge and run, while tall grasses although beautiful throughout winter have to be cut back to the ground early in the year leaving a big hole in the planting plan.

When idling away time I tend to virtually wander from plant nursery to plant nursery online looking at different forms of plants that lead me to country specific plants and nurseries in this case South Africa.  But as we know we live in the UK with unique climate and hardiness can be a problem so I always check this first before I get too excited about a new finding.

Thamnochortus Insignis is a type of Restio from South Africa that produces graceful arching culms eventually reaching 2 metres tall with a similar spread.  For as well as being a striking plant it has the extra benefits of being clump forming, evergreen with a lovely seed head, and hardy down to -10°C.

I will use it interspersed with other tall grasses like miscanthus and calamagrostis so as they are cut back, the thamnochortus will still give me the presence I desire.


Sword shape foliage.  I think of phormiums (which become huge as David and Elaine will testify to) and crocosmias and irises (which die back in winter).  I missed this foliage throughout the winter and that led me to Dianella or the tasman flax lily as it is also known.

Evergreen or deeply variegated “Destiny” it gives presence all year round with the added bonus in green form of stunning blue berries.  Now I will say that this plant can run if left unchecked but it only involves digging up the runners and passing them on to gardening friends.  They look lovely interplanted with the like of the irises of crocosmia where they will maintain that sword shape foliage throughout the year once the others have died back after flowering.

I hope this has given you some ideas or maybe a slightly different view of a garden and if you have managed to stay with me to the end then I applaud you as I know I can waffle.

I will leave you with some collages of foliage from my garden.

Peace on Earth biscuits from Hilary Thorogood

So called in our family because the recipe was written on the back of a Christmas card!

They are however very good and deserve the name. Also semi frozen.


  • 4 oz of butter/margarine
  • 4 oz caster sugar
  • 1 dessert spoon golden syrup
  • 6 oz SR flour
  • ½ tsp bicarb of soda dissolved in 1tsp milk
  • 3 oz sultanas/choc chips/chopped glacé cherries

Preheat oven to 180̊̊ C


  • Cream butter and sugar together
  • Add syrup and bicarb of soda
  • Add flour and rest of ingredients
  • Divide mixture into small balls roughly walnut sized
  • Place on greased tin leaving room around them for spreading as they cook
  • Press lightly with a fork
  • Cook at 180̊̊ C for 10-15 minutes. They should be just cooked
  • Leave to cool and firm up on tray

January Newsletter

A big thank you to all our contributors for this month’s articles.  We have many things to be grateful for, not least our gardens and gardeners!   Although we might have wished for the ability to hibernate like a dormouse this year, we can still find many jobs to do and new things to try, such as propagating root cuttings or growing orange trees. 

A special thanks to one of our new members, Richard, for sharing with us his bitter sweet relationship with citrus plants! 

Hoping that other members will rise to the challenge and send in an article for February’s newsletter, any length will be welcome with or without photos.  We will also put the newsletter onto the website but we will need your permission to publish your photos online. 

Next month we will be featuring orchids, so if you have anything to contribute, please get in touch at malvernhillsgardeningclub@gmail.com

Helena Kent. Club Secretary

January 2021

The beginning of the year 2021 signifies a new beginning with hope for the future. The days are getting longer and Nature is already preparing for Spring.  Gardeners are too!

A robin is singing loudly in my garden every morning now.  His Spring song, more confident and upbeat than the Autumn one, is in defence of his territory and hope of attracting a mate.

Traditionally, the first flower of Spring, the primrose has already made an appearance.

Iris, which has been blooming in my garden throughout December, signifies, in the language of flowers, hope, wisdom, trust and courage.  All of which we need at the moment.

Looking forward, we hope to resume our monthly meetings at the end of April with a talk on fuchsias by Geoff Oke and in May a talk entitled ‘The Role of a Head Gardener’ by Hugh Thomas.  In next month’s newsletter, further details will be given of the rest of the programme with dates, times, venues etc.

In the meantime, the Chair suggests that we try a Zoom talk in February.  How many members would like this?  Please email David at malvernhillsgardeningclub@gmail.com if you are interested.

Monthly competitions will also begin again in January.  3 categories, 1 entry each: Winter outdoor bulbs eg snowdrops, a flowering pot plant, birds feeding in your garden.

Lucy Bannister has a selection of spring bulbs available.  As usual, the money goes straight to St Richards Hospice.  £1 for 10.

Tulips, Clearwater, Sunny Prince, Hemisphere, Honeymoon, High Scarlet, Van Eijk, Canasta, Carre, Spring Break, Crème Upstar, Cummins, Corona, Hugs and Kisses, Shirley, Sanne, Purple Flag.  Narcissus, Big Gun, Golden Ducat, Replete, Flower Drift To arrange a mutually convenient time, please email Lucy, swissbannister@gmail.com or phone on 01905 831330

Helena Kent

My life with Citrus Plants

Early studies

As a boy I was fascinated by the thought that I could grow an orange tree from a pip and my brother and I grew various citrus plants from pips. As I remember they all germinated apart from ordinary sweet oranges. I must have lost interest after a while but my brother’s grapefruit trees continued for many years. None of them showed any sign of flowering, let alone fruiting.

Many years later, thinking I had no choice but to actually buy a plant, I got a Calamondin orange, sometimes called citrus mitis, with the correct botanical name of   × Citrofortunella microcarpa.

This is a very attractive ornamental orange, displaying fruit for much of the year and small enough to fit easily into the home. I didn’t eat the fruits but when new neighbours moved in next door, from Scotland, the first time their little girl saw the plant she picked a fruit, put in her mouth and ate it all, including the peel, so I suppose they are edible.

Eventually the little orange tree succumbed to the most dangerous pest known to house plants. It was left in the care of friend while we went on holiday. So I had another attempt at growing a new plant from its pips. They grew fast. At five foot high, much taller than their parent, with no sign of flowers, I ran out of space to keep them. Also they had numerous sharp spines whereas the original plant was spineless. This demonstrates another problem of growing plants from seed. They may not breed true, and in the case of hybrids certainly won’t.

To misquote a famous person “Life is too short to attempt to grow orange trees from pips.”

Seville oranges

Many years later my daughter announced that she was going to spend a term at the University of Grenada in Spain. Up to that point her mother and I had shown little interest in her foreign travels but we immediately said it was very important to visit her and see that she was OK. In the course of this trip we saw Grenada, Seville and Cordoba and all these cities had Seville orange trees lining the streets, in bloom and in many cases still with oranges on them. It would seem appropriate to say that the crime occurred in Seville but it was in Cordoba that I stole two cuttings from a tree in the street. You might think that this is not seemly behaviour for a member of the Malvern Hills Gardening Club. After some thought I have come up with a very convincing justification. All these trees are tall with a single smooth trunk. The flowers and fruits are high up, too high for passers-by to pick them. Evidently the Superintendent of roadside trees in each city has the job of removing a shoot that appears low down. I was merely helping them.

To my surprise the cuttings took and are the ancestors of my three current orange trees. The photos show a flower and one of the little standard trees. The Versailles planter is, pardon my French, merely a cache pot. The tree is actually growing in a builders’ bucket, as builders’ buckets are cheaper and stronger than plastic flower pots. The plants spend the entire summer, May 1st to September 30th out in the garden.  I bring them into the conservatory for the winter months.  I repot them using a compost/soil mix, feed them with Phostrogen all year round and extra nitrogen in the summer. I water them using rain water, but only when the pots seem dry; they dislike overwatering.

Other citrus plants.

One unsuccessful present I received was of a very handsome Kumquat plant, covered with oval fruits. That was it. It never flowered or fruited again.

For years in the garden we had a Japanese bitter orange. When purchased it was not classed as a citrus but several years ago the botanists reclassified it as a citrus species. It is not my place to argue with the botanists but clearly they are wrong. The Japanese bitter orange is: a) the only hardy citrus; b) the only deciduous citrus and c) the only one with trifoliate leaves. Anyway it never produced a ripe orange, was occupying a large space I wanted for something else and had the most vicious spines of any plant I have ever grown in the garden. Curiously, in a gardening column in this month’s i newspaper, three plants were recommended for forming an impenetrable barrier. These are berberis, pyracantha and, to give it its proper name, citrus trifolata. I have never seen a hedge of citrus trifolata – it would be quite something.

More recently I have been growing a Kaffir lime, started from a pip! (I know it is unlikely to ever flower but we only want the leaves. Three or so go well in a Thai curry.) As shown in the picture, the leaves have a characteristic double shape, with a bulge near the stalk.

How to win a marmalade competition

Once I had a supply of oranges I started making marmalade with them. Coming across a reference to the grandly named The World’s Original Marmalade Awards I decided to enter. In those days you could save postage by dropping the jar off at a Paddington Bear shop. I was very proud to receive a Silver Medal – as you can see from the label that I used to put on my marmalade jars.

The main criticism of my silver medal winning jar of marmalade was that I hadn’t filled it up to the brim. So the following year I decided to enter again, in person. The awards are held at Dalemain Mansion in Cumbria, quite convenient for staying at the house of some friends. There were hundreds of jars set out on tables. Imagine my disappointment to find I had been demoted: this one only deserved a bronze medal. I was too numbed to think further but my wife is made of sterner stuff. She sought out two of the judges and challenged them to explain the criteria they used.

The key thing is how clear the marmalade is. To achieve this you should pass the juice and pulp through a muslin bag. The marmalade is essentially a jelly made with the filtered juice. Most of the peel is then discarded with just a few strands allowed to be suspended in the now clear jelly.

I am happy to pass on these insider tips in case you should decide to enter yourselves. I will not be competing with you. 

Richard Winterton, November 2020.

Chairman’s BlogSpecial Plants in Our Garden. 

At this time of the year our garden is very much in hibernation. We have our first snowdrops, and the winter flowering jasmine is looking good, but everything else is biding its time. It is good to look out into the garden and see some plants which have special meaning.

When we had our first house we received two plants which we have taken care to transplant twice as we have moved to a new house. The first is a deutzia, with very pretty pink flowers. It was a wedding present from a very keen gardener and it was chosen by her because it flowers on our wedding anniversary in early May. It has never failed to do so – sometimes in a year with a late spring we have just the first flowers open, most years it has hundreds of open flowers, in an early spring (global warming) it still has open blooms on the day.

The second is a spirea “bridal wreath”, with cascades of white flowers. It also flowers in May, and looks fantastic in the corner of the spring garden. They need careful pruning to continue to give  a good display as they flower on new growth, but need to be trimmed to keep their shape. I don’t always get it right, and that gives a lean flowering year in the spring.

The next plant is an ornamental weeping pear (Pyrus salicifolia pendula). This was chosen by us to celebrate our silver wedding anniversary, as a gift from my brother. He had suggested a silver birch, but the weeping pear is much smaller, has beautiful spring flowers, weeping posture and small, slender leaves and ornamental fruit in the autumn. It looks great and I am gradually lifting its crown to give it a better shape.

The next group of plants are the four apple trees on our main lawn. When my grandmother died aged 101 she wanted all her many grandchildren to receive £100 which my Uncle Mickey proudly distributed. We decided that we would like a permanent memory of her, and the apple trees are a lovely reminder of her long life.

The final memories are also an “in memoriam”, but with a different story. When my Dad died in February 2018 we found that he had been planning a major replanting of his large garden. A good number of plants arrived by mail order, and we had no idea what would arrive next. Not all of them survived between their arrival in Hampshire and getting them home to Malvern. However, the collection of three peonies that he ordered have settled well. We have Shirley Temple, Sarah Bernhardt and Karl Rosenfield and each year they get a bit bigger and have more flowers. They were fantastic this year, one of the few rays of sunshine in 2020.

David Baker

Propagation Notes January

January can be a bit of a dead month for plant propagation, but there are still things to do.  You have no excuse to stay indoors!

There is still time to take hardwood cuttings as discussed earlier. In fact, late January seems to be a particularly good time for these, just as the sap is beginning to rise.

If you haven’t sown those seeds that need stratifying (exposure to cold), there is still time for that too, especially as we seem to be having a cold snap right now.

If you’re desperate to get going with the new season you can sow broad beans such as Aquadulce Claudia.  I usually start mine off under cold glass, mainly to keep the mice off, but they are ok planted directly into the soil.

If you can provide some gentle heat, you can start tomatoes and onions in pots.   Only do this with tomatoes if you are intending to grow them on under heated glass, otherwise you’ll have plants ready too early for planting out.

Most half hardy annuals are sown from February onwards, but if you’re desperate to start some flowers, then Antirrhinum can be sown now.  Like  tomatoes and onions they will need gentle heat but a window sill is fine.  Sow the seed on the surface of moist seed compost, spray gently with a mister, just to settle the seed into the surface.  Do not cover with compost and do not exclude light.  Ideally place in a propagator with a lid to prevent drying out.  You can put the pot inside a polythene bag, but I’m trying to avoid single use plastic, so prefer any alternative I can find.

If that’s not enough to keep you occupied in January then you can have a go at taking root cuttings. January is the perfect time to do these, as they have to be done when the plant is dormant and there always seems to be more time in January.

Root cuttings are taken for a fairly select group of plants and fall into two main groups.  Thick cuttings are taken for most types, including herbaceous and trees and shrubs. Thin cuttings are taken of just a few herbaceous perennials.

Method.  (Thick) If practical, lift the plant.  Select a few roots about pencil thickness.  Never remove more than one third of the roots.  Cut the selected root(s) close to the crown of the plant, making a horizontal cut.  Remove any fine fibrous roots from the base of the severed section. Now cut the remainder into lengths of about 5-8cm (2-3”), making a horizontal cut at the top of the cutting and a diagonal cut at the base.  This is important as you will need to know which way up to put them in the compost!

Insert the cuttings into pots of gritty compost, diagonal cut downwards, so the top of the cutting (horizontal cut) is just about level with the top of the compost or a fraction below.  Cover with a layer of grit, water and place in a cold frame.  All you need to do then is wait until you see signs of shoot growth, usually late spring/early summer. at this stage you can pot your new plants up and grow them on ready for planting out.  Herbaceous plants that are propagated in this way include, Oriental Poppy, Acanthus, Echinops, Eryngium.

Assuming you want to keep the parent plant, replant it as soon as possible.!

If it isn’t practical to lift the plant, as will be the case with trees and shrubs, you need to carefully scrape away the soil from one section of the plants and sever the exposed roots. The rest of the process is the same.  Shrubs to try include Chaenomeles, Catalpa, Robinia, Campsis and Solanum

Thin root cuttings are taken from plants such as Japanese Anemones, Primula denticulata, Verbascum and Phlox.

For these plants, lift if it’s practical.  Remove a few roots and trim off the very thin ends.  The roots you are using will probably be no more than 2mm thick and you need to cut them into lengths of about 10cm (4”).  You may only get one section from each root.  In this case they are laid horizontally on the surface of the compost and again covered with grit and watered as before.  I find with these that it works better to use trays rather than pots. Place in the cold frame and continue as above.

Root cuttings really are very easy and the only thing that can go wrong is that they get too wet and rot, so take care not to over water.

Pros and Cons (mostly pros!)

Done in winter when you’re less busy with other jobs in the garden

Can be done with plants which don’t produce suitable shoots for cuttings

The roots will not be infected with any of the pathogens which may be affecting the shoots. This is especially true of Phlox, which are frequently infected with virus transmitted by eelworm.

The only con that I know of is that if you take roots cuttings of variegated plants (eg Phlox ‘Norah Leigh’ you will finish up with progeny with plain green leaves!  You have been warned.

I hope the ground thaws soon so you can all get out and have a go at root cuttings.  It is remarkably satisfying!!

Rachel Salisbury